• Dietrich Klauwer


Chapter 2 describes the principles, benefits, and drawbacks of invasive ventilation in children post-heart surgery. Descriptions are provided of the basic concepts of various ventilators and forms of ventilation, alongside ventilator settings and the effects of positive pressure ventilation on hemodynamics in various pathophysiologic conditions manifesting in pediatric cardiology. Besides conveying a fundamental understanding of ventilation parameters and basic settings in various postoperative conditions, forms of synchronized ventilation and the interpretation of curves and loops on the ventilator are addressed. The chapter ends with a description of the “open lung” concept based on the Maquet Open Lung Tool while outlining the limits of ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Suggested Reading

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    Hasan RA (2000) A pocket guide to mechanical ventilation (ISBN 0-9704158-1-8).Google Scholar
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    Meurs K v, et al. ECMO extracorporeal cardiopulmonary support in critical care. Ann Arbor: ELSO; 2005.Google Scholar
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    Oczenski W. Atmen – Atemhilfen: Atemphysiologie und Beatmungstechnik. Stuttgart: Thieme; 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Rimensberger PC. Pediatric and neonatal mechanical ventilation. Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Ritter F, Döring M. Curves and loops in mechanical ventilation. Lübeck: Dräger Medizintechnik GmbH; 2001.Google Scholar
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    Tobin MJ. Mechanical venilation. principles & practice. 3rd ed. New York: Mc Graw Hill; 2012.Google Scholar
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    Tuxen et al. Am Rev Respir Dis 1987;136(4):872–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Walsh B, et al. Perinatal and pediatric respiratory care. 3rd ed: Elsevier; 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietrich Klauwer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Singen Medical Center, Gesundheitsverbund Landkreis Konstanz, Krankenhausbetriebsgesellschaft Hegau-Bodensee-KlinikumSingenGermany

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