Considerations for Hemodynamics

  • Dietrich Klauwer
  • Christoph Neuhaeuser


Chapter 14 is about hemodynamics and the basics of the different pathophysiological states in children with congenital heart defects. Obstructive heart diseases are contrasted with dilated states, and the different effects of hemodynamic changes in different pathologic states are described. Basics about shunt diseases, valvular diseases, etc. and clinical and echocardiographic evaluation of these patients are presented. Chapter 14 lays the foundations for an understanding of the postoperative therapy described in Chaps. 15 and 16.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietrich Klauwer
    • 1
  • Christoph Neuhaeuser
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsSingen Medical Center, Gesundheitsverbund Landkreis Konstanz,Krankenhausbetriebsgesellschaft Hegau-Bodensee-KlinikumSingenGermany
  2. 2.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Heart Center of Giessen, Children’s Heart Transplantation Center, UKGM GmbHGiessenGermany

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