Explaining Election Boycotts
In this chapter, Buttorff discusses elections and boycotts in the 12 Arab countries that held elections between 1990 and 2010, as well as the common patterns of boycott and participation regularly observed in the Arab world. She also provides an overview of the reasons for boycotting expressed by the opposition parties themselves. Finally, using cross-national data on opposition boycotts as well as electoral fairness indicators, Buttorff explores the strengths and limits of existing scholarship in explaining the variation in the boycotting behavior of opposition groups in the region.
- Al-Farsi, S. H. (2013). Democracy and youth in the Middle East: Islam, tribalism and the Rentier State in Oman. New York, NY: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd.Google Scholar
- Baaklini, A., Denoeux, G., & Springborg, R. (1999). Legislative politics in the Arab world: The resurgence of democratic institutions. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
- Beaulieu, E. (2006). Protesting the contest: Election boycotts around the world, 1990–2002. PhD diss., University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
- Ben Hussein, M. (2010, July 27). Islamic Action Front calls for ‘urgent meeting’ over elections. The Jordan Times. Retrieved October 21, 2010, from http://www.jordantimes.com/.
- Brown, N. J. (2012). When victory is not an option: Islamist movements in Arab politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Freedom House. (2016). Freedom in the world, 1973–2016. Retrieved from https://freedomhouse.org/report-types/freedom-world.
- Lindberg, S. I. (2006). Tragic protest: Why do opposition parties boycott elections? In A. Schedler (Ed.), Electoral authoritarianism: The dynamics of unfree competition (pp. 149–163). Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
- Lindberg, S. I. (2009). The power of elections in Africa revisited. In S. I. Lindberg (Ed.), Democratization by elections: A new mode of transition (pp. 25–46). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Schedler, A. (2009). Sources of competition under electoral authoritarianism. In S. I. Lindberg (Ed.), Democratization by elections: A new mode of transition (pp. 25–46). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Wegner, E. (2011). Islamist opposition in authoritarian regimes: The party of justice and development in Morocco. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
- Wehrey, F. M. (2014). Sectarian politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar