Advertisement

Participatory Health Research: An Indian Perspective

  • Wafa Singh
Chapter

Abstract

There is a growing popularity of participatory research (PR) approaches in various areas amidst the dissatisfaction with failures resulting from conventional research. One such area has been health, and participatory health research (PHR) has gradually emerged as an important tool in global development processes. The case of India presents a very interesting example in this context. The uniqueness of the Indian case is evident from the fact that even in the absence of clear national directives on PHR, there are present some very interesting best practice examples from the nongovernmental sector in the country. While PHR is conspicuous by its absence in health policies and its implementation frameworks, the same is being innovatively and creatively pursued by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) at local levels and at small scales. The success stories of such NGOs pursuing PHR point toward the growing acceptance of the latter among local communities. This chapter documents the case of PHR in India, an area of work spearheaded by NGOs, and recommends streamlining the same in the national health directives of the country.

Keywords

Participatory health research Nongovernmental organizations India Knowledge Communities 

References

  1. Cornwall, A., & Jewkes, R. (1995). What is participatory research. Social Science & Medicine, 41(12), 1667–1676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Government of India (GoI) (2017). Economic Survey 2016–17. Available via INDIA BUDGET. http://indiabudget.nic.in/es2016-17/echapter.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  3. International Collaboration for Participatory Health Research (ICPHR) (2013). What is Participatory Health Research (Position paper no. 1). Available via ICPHR. http://www.icphr.org/uploads/2/0/3/9/20399575/ichpr_position_paper_1_defintion_-_version_may_2013.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  4. Jaitli, H., & Kanhere, V. P. (2005). Occupational health and participatory research. In R. Tandon (Ed.), Participatory research: Revisiting the roots (pp. 67–73). New Delhi: Mosaic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Khanna, R. (1996). Participatory action research (PAR) in Women’s health: SARTHI, India. In K. K. Koning & M. Martin (Eds.), Participatory research in health: Issues and experiences (pp. 62–69). South Africa: National Progressive Primary Health Care Network (NPPHCN) & Zed Books.Google Scholar
  6. Koning, K. D., & Martin, M. (1996). Participatory research in health: Setting the context. In K. K. Koning & M. Martin (Eds.), Participatory research in health: Issues and experiences (pp. 1–18). South Africa: National Progressive Primary Health Care Network (NPPHCN) & Zed Books.Google Scholar
  7. Loewenson, R. et al. (2014). Participatory Action Research in Health Systems: A Methods Reader. Available via EQUINETAFRICA. http://www.equinetafrica.org/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/PAR%20Methods%20Reader2014%20for%20web.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  8. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India (2014). Framework for Implementation: National Health Mission 2012–2017. http://nhm.gov.in/images/pdf/NHM/NHM_Framework_for_Implementation__08-01-2014_.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  9. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India (2017). National Health Policy (NHP) 2017. https://www.nhp.gov.in/NHPfiles/national_health_policy_2017.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  10. NITI Aayog Government of India (2017). India; Three Year Action Agenda (2017–18 to 2019–20). Available via NITI Aayog. http://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/coop/IndiaActionPlan.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  11. Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Burke, J. R., & Collins, K. M. T. (2009). Call for mixed analysis: A philosophical framework for combining qualitative and quantitative approaches. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, 3(2), 114–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. PRIA. (2004). Occupational health in India. New Delhi: PRIA.Google Scholar
  13. Tandon, R. (1996). The historical roots and contemporary tendencies in participatory research: Implications for health care. In K. Koning & M. Martin (Eds.), Participatory Research in Health: Issues and Experiences (pp. 19–26). New Jersey: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  14. Tandon, R., & Singh, W. (2016). Comparative analysis of case studies. In R. Tandon, B. Hall, W. Lepore, & W. Singh (Eds.), Knowledge and engagement: Building capacity for the next generation of community based researchers (pp. 253–287). New Delhi: PRIA/University of Victoria.Google Scholar
  15. United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2016). Human Development Report 2016. Available via UNDP. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  16. World Bank (2015). Gross Domestic Product (2015). Available via WORLD BANK. http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/GDP.pdf. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.
  17. World Health Organization (2016). World Health Report; Statistics 2016. Available via WHO. http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2016/en/. Accessed 6 Jan 2018.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Society for Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA)New DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations