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Typical Cases in Northwest China

  • Yazhuo Zheng
  • Kent Deng
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)

Abstract

In this chapter, we have described three typical cases in Northwest of urbanisation and industrialisation—Lanzhou New District, Ordos District and Xining Development Zone. We illustrate how urbanisation led by state developed fast in underdeveloped regions. All the local governments tried to build new cities on barren land despite high cost and low efficiency. They disobeyed the natural law of market and their attempt failed unsurprisingly. Lots of waste of resources was created. In all our cases, the financial back-up for creation of new cities came ultimately from leases of the state-owned land. This is the main legacy of the Maoist institutions.

Keywords

Construction-pulled urbanisation State-led growth Infrastructure Industrial configuration High pollutant and high energy-dependent enterprises H-T Divide New District Ghost city Housing bubble Industrial recession 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yazhuo Zheng
    • 1
  • Kent Deng
    • 2
  1. 1.Beijing Enlightenment Institute for Economic and Social ResearchBeijingChina
  2. 2.London School of EconomicsLondonUK

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