Advertisement

Biosorption of Metals and Metalloids

  • Leticia B. EscuderoEmail author
  • Pamela Y. Quintas
  • Rodolfo G. Wuilloud
  • Guilherme L. Dotto
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 19)

Abstract

Industrial activities such as mining operations, refining of ores and combustion of fuel oils play a relevant role in environmental pollution since their wastes contain high concentrations of toxic metals that can add significant contamination to natural water and other water sources if no decontamination is previously applied. As toxic metals and metalloids, including arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, thallium, vanadium, among others, are not biodegradable and tend to accumulate in living organisms, it is necessary to treat the contaminated industrial wastewaters prior to their discharge into the water bodies. There are different remediation techniques that have been developed to solve elemental pollution, but biosorption has arisen as a promising clean–up and low–cost biotechnology. Biosorption is one of the pillars of bioremediation and is governed by a variety of mechanisms, including chemical binding, ion exchange, physisorption, precipitation, and oxide-reduction. This involves operations (e.g. biosorbent reuse, immobilization, direct analysis of sample without destruction) that can be designed to minimize or avoid the use or generation of hazardous substances that have a negative impact on the environment and biota, thus following the concepts of “green chemistry” and promoting the environmental care. Furthermore, it has to be specially considered that the design of a biosorption process and the quality of a biosorbent are normally evaluated from the equilibrium, thermodynamic, and kinetic viewpoints. Therefore, a successful biosorption process can be only developed based on multidisciplinary knowledge that includes physical chemistry, biochemistry and technology, among other fields.

In this chapter, we explain in detail all the aforementioned aspects. State of the art applications of biosorbents for metals and metalloids removal are carefully revised based on a complete analysis of the literature. Thus, it is evidenced in this chapter that the main points to consider regarding biosorption are the type of biomaterial (e.g. bacteria, fungi, algae, plant–derivatives and agricultural wastes, chitin–chitosan based materials) and the presence of a broad set of functional groups on their surface that are effective for the removal of different toxic metals and metalloids. In fact, removal percentages as high as 70–100% can be found in most works reported in the literature, which is demonstrating the excellent performance obtained with biosorbents. Also, biosorbents have evolved with the help of nanotechnology to modern bio–nano–hybrids materials having superlative sorption properties due to their high surface area coming from the nano–materials structures and multifunctional capacity incorporated from the several types of chemical groups of biomaterials. These, as well as other important aspects linked to biosorption are fully covered in the present chapter.

Keywords

Biosorption Biological substrates Biomolecules Bio–nano–hybrid materials Green chemistry Metals Metalloids Removal Equilibrium biosorption Thermodynamic Kinetics Aqueous solutions Waste water 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (FONCYT) (Project PICT−2015–1338), and Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (Project 06/M031) for the financial support.

References

  1. Abadin H, Ashizawa A, Stevens YW (2007) Toxicological profile for lead. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (US), AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  2. Abdolali A, Guo WS, Ngo HH, Chen SS, Nguyen NC, Tung KL (2014) Typical lignocellulosic wastes and by-products for biosorption process in water and wastewater treatment: a critical review. Bioresour Technol 160:57–66.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdul Mujeeb VM, Alikutty P, Muraleedharan K (2014) Synthesis, characterization and vanadium (V) sorption studies on some chitosan derivatives. J Water Proc Eng 4:143–148.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2014.09.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Adamczuk A, Kołodyńska D (2015) Equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies on removal of chromium, copper, zinc and arsenic from aqueous solutions onto fly ash coated by chitosan. Chem Eng J 274:200–212.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.03.088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahmad MF, Haydar S, Bhatti AA, Bari AJ (2014) Application of artificial neural network for the prediction of biosorption capacity of immobilized Bacillus subtilis for the removal of cadmium ions from aqueous solution. Biochem Eng J 84:83–90.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2014.01.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ahmed MJK, Ahmaruzzaman M (2016) A review on potential usage of industrial waste materials for binding heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. J Water Proc Eng 10:39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2016.01.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Albadarin AB, Mangwandi C, Walker GM, Allen SJ, Ahmad MNM, Khraisheh M (2013) Influence of solution chemistry on Cr(VI) reduction and complexation onto date-pits/tea-waste biomaterials. J Environ Manag 114:190–201.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.09.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Anastopoulos I, Kyzas GZ (2016) Are the thermodynamic parameters correctly estimated in liquid-phase adsorption phenomena? J Mol Liq 218:174–185.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.02.059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Anirudhan TS, Rijith S (2012) Synthesis and characterization of carboxyl terminated poly(methacrylic acid) grafted chitosan/bentonite composite and its application for the recovery of uranium(VI) from aqueous media. J Environ Radioact 106:8–19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.10.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Aryal M, Liakopoulou-Kyriakides M (2015) Bioremoval of heavy metals by bacterial biomass. Environ Monit Assess 187:4173–4180.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4173-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bakircioglu Y, Bakircioglu D, Akman S (2010) Biosorption of lead by filamentous fungal biomass-loaded TiO2 nanoparticles. J Hazard Mat 178:1015–1020.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.02.040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barriada JL, Herrero R, Prada-Rodríguez D, Sastre de Vicente ME (2008) Interaction of mercury with chitin: a physicochemical study of metal binding by a natural biopolymer. React Funct Polym 68:1609–1618.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2008.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Baruthio F (1992) Toxic effects of chromium and its compounds. Biol Trace Elem Res 32:145–153.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02784599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bergmann CP, Machado FM (2015) Carbon nanomaterials as adsorbents for environmental and biological applications. Springer, New York/Cham/HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bermudez GM, Moreno M, Invernizzi R, Pla R, Pignata ML (2010) Heavy metal pollution in topsoils near a cement plant: the role of organic matter and distance to the source to predict total and HCl-extracted heavy metal concentrations. Chemosphere 78:375–381.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.11.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Birungi ZS, Chirwa EM (2015) The adsorption potential and recovery of thallium using green micro-algae from eutrophic water sources. J Hazard Mater 299:67–77.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.06.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Blázquez G, Ronda A, Martín-Lara MA, Pérez A, Calero M (2015) Comparative study of isotherm parameters of lead biosorption by two wastes of olive-oil production. Water Sci Technol 72:711–720.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2015.153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Boddu VM, Abburi K, Talbott JL, Smith ED, Haasch R (2008) Removal of arsenic (III) and arsenic (V) from aqueous medium using chitosan-coated biosorbent. Water Res 42:633–642.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.08.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bordoloi N, Goswami R, Kumar M, Kataki R (2017) Biosorption of Co (II) from aqueous solution using algal biochar: kinetics and isotherm studies. Bioresour Technol 244:1465–1469.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.05.139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Brodowska MS, Kurzyna-Szklarek M, Haliniarz M (2016) Selenium in the environment. J Elementol 21:1173–1185.  https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2016.21.2.1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bruins MR, Kapil S, Oehme FW (2000) Microbial resistance to metals in the environment. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 45:198–207.  https://doi.org/10.1006/eesa.1999.1860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cadaval T, Câmara A, Dotto G, Pinto L (2013) Adsorption of Cr (VI) by chitosan with different deacetylation degrees. Des Water Treat 51:7690–7699.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.778797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cadaval T, Dotto G, Seus E, Mirlean N, Pinto L (2016) Vanadium removal from aqueous solutions onto chitosan films. Des Water Treat 57:16583–16591.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1079741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Cadaval T, Vieira M, Câmara A, Dotto G, Pinto L (2017) Application of chitosan based materials for dyes/metals removal. In: Based C (ed) Materials and its applications. Bentham Science Publishers, Sharjah, pp 154–180Google Scholar
  25. Castro L, Blazquez ML, Gonzalez F, Munoz JA, Ballester A (2017) Biosorption of Zn(II) from industrial effluents using sugar beet pulp and F. vesiculosus: from laboratory tests to a pilot approach. Sci Total Environ 598:856–866.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cho HJ, Baek K, Jeon J-K, Park SH, Suh DJ, Park Y-K (2013) Removal characteristics of copper by marine macro-algae-derived chars. Chem Eng J 217:205–211.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.11.123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Christoforidis AK, Orfanidis S, Papageorgiou SK, Lazaridou AN, Favvas EP, Mitropoulos A (2015) Study of Cu(II) removal by Cystoseira crinitophylla biomass in batch and continuous flow biosorption. Chem Eng J 277:334–340.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.04.138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Cid H, Ortiz C, Pizarro J, Barros D, Castillo X, Giraldo L, Moreno-Piraján JC (2015) Characterization of copper (II) biosorption by brown algae Durvillaea antarctica dead biomass. Adsorption 21:645–658.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-015-9715-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Cornelis R, Caruso J, Crews H, Heumann K (2005) Handbook of elemental speciation II – species in the environment, food, medicine and ocuppational health. Wiley, ChinchesterCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Côrtes LN, Tanabe EH, Bertuol DA, Dotto GL (2015) Biosorption of gold from computer microprocessor leachate solutions using chitin. Waste Manag 45:272–279.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.07.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Crini G, Badot P-M (2008) Application of chitosan, a natural aminopolysaccharide, for dye removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption processes using batch studies: a review of recent literature. Prog Polym Sci 33:399–447.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2007.11.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Cui J-l, Luo C-l, Tang CW-Y, Chan T-S, Li X-D (2017) Speciation and leaching of trace metal contaminants from e-waste contaminated soils. J Hazard Mater 329:150–158.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.12.060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Darder M, Aranda P, Ruiz-Hitzky E (2007) Bionanocomposites: a new concept of ecological, bioinspired, and functional hybrid materials. Adv Mater 19:1309–1319.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Das N (2010) Recovery of precious metals through biosorption – a review. Hydrometallurgy 103:180–189.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2010.03.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Dasgupta J, Sikder J, Chakraborty S, Curcio S, Drioli E (2015) Remediation of textile effluents by membrane based treatment techniques: a state of the art review. J Environ Manag 147:55–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.08.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. de la Guardia M, Garrigues S (2011) Challenges in green analytical chemistry. RSC Publishing, ValenciaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. de Rome L, Gadd GM (1987) Copper adsorption by Rhizopus arrhizus, Cladosporium resinae and Penicillium italicum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 26:84–90.  https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00282153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Dhir B (2014) Potential of biological materials for removing heavy metals from wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:1614–1627.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2230-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Dittert IM, de Lima BH, Pina F, da Silva EAB, De Souza SMAGU, de Souza AAU, Botelho CMS, Boaventura RAR, Vilar VJP (2014) Integrated reduction/oxidation reactions and sorption processes for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions using Laminaria digitata macro-algae. Chem Eng J 237:443–454.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.10.051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Dodson JR, Parker HL, García AM, Hicken A, Asemave K, Farmer TJ, He H, Clark JH, Hunt AJ (2015) Bio-derived materials as a green route for precious & critical metal recovery and re-use. Green Chem 17:1951–1965.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c4gc02483dCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Donia AM, Atia AA, Elwakeel KZ (2007) Recovery of gold(III) and silver(I) on a chemically modified chitosan with magnetic properties. Hydrometallurgy 87:197–206.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2007.03.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Dotto GL, Pinto L (2017) General considerations about Chitosan. In: Based C (ed) Materials and its applications. Bentham Science Publishers, Sharjah, pp 3–33Google Scholar
  43. Dotto GL, Cunha JM, Calgaro CO, Tanabe EH, Bertuol DA (2015) Surface modification of chitin using ultrasound-assisted and supercritical CO2 technologies for cobalt adsorption. J Hazard Mat 295:29–36.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.04.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Dotto GL, Meili L, De Souza Abud AK, Tanabe EH, Bertuol DA, Foletto EL (2016) Comparison between Brazilian agro-wastes and activated carbon as adsorbents to remove Ni(II) from aqueous solutions. Water Sci Technol 73:2713–2721.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2016.095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Dujardin E, Mann S (2002) Bio-inspired materials chemistry. Adv Mater 14:775–788.  https://doi.org/10.1002/1527-2648(20020717)4:7<461::AID-ADEM461>3.0.CO;2-KCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ebadi A, Soltan Mohammadzadeh JS, Khudiev A (2009) What is the correct form of BET isotherm for modeling liquid phase adsorption? Adsorption 15:65–73.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-009-9151-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Eisler R (2007) Eisler’s encyclopedia of environmentally hazardous priority chemicals. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  48. EPA (2017) Basic on green chemistry. WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  49. Escudero LB, Maniero M, Agostini E, Smichowski PN (2016) Biological substrates: green alternatives in trace elemental preconcentration and speciation analysis. TrAC – Trends Anal Chem 80:531–546.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2016.04.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Fan C, Li K, Li J, Ying D, Wang Y, Jia J (2017) Comparative and competitive adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) using tetraethylenepentamine modified chitosan/CoFe2O4 particles. J Hazard Mat 326:211–220.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.12.036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Fiamingo A, Delezuk J, Corrêa R, Campana–Filho S. (2017) Chitosan based materials and its applications. In: Obtention processes and main characteristics. Bentham Science Publishers, Sharjah, pp 34–48Google Scholar
  52. Fomina M, Gadd GM (2014) Biosorption: current perspectives on concept, definition and application. Bioresour Technol 160:3–14.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Freundlich HM (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. J Phys Chem 57:385–471 doi:not availableGoogle Scholar
  54. Fu F, Wang Q (2011) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. J Environ Manag 92:407–418.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Fu K, Yao Y, Dai J, Hu L (2017) Progress in 3D printing of carbon materials for energy-related applications. Adv Mater 29.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201603486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Gadd GM (2009) Biosorption: critical review of scientific rationale, environmental importance and significance for pollution treatment. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 84:13–28.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Gavrilescu M (2004) Removal of heavy metals from the environment by biosorption. Eng Life Sci 4:219–232.  https://doi.org/10.1002/elsc.200420026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Ghasemi M, Naushad M, Ghasemi N, Khosravi-fard Y (2014) A novel agricultural waste based adsorbent for the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution: kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. J Ind Eng Chem 20:454–461.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.05.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Ghosh SK, Saha R, Saha B (2015) Toxicity of inorganic vanadium compounds. Res Chem Intermed 41:4873–4897.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-014-1573-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Goldsmith RH (1982) Metalloids. J Chem Educ 59:526–527.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ed059p526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Goyer R (2004) Issue paper on the human health effects of metals. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Seatle/Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  62. Goyer RA, Clarkson TW (2001) Toxic effects of metals. In: Casaret and Doulls’ toxicology: the basic science of poisons. Mc Graw-Hill, New York, pp 811–867Google Scholar
  63. Guibal E (2004) Interactions of metal ions with chitosan-based sorbents: a review. Sep Purif Technol 38:43–74.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2003.10.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Gupta A, Vidyarthi SR, Sankararamakrishnan N (2015a) Concurrent removal of As(III) and As(V) using green low cost functionalized biosorbent – Saccharum officinarum bagasse. J Environ Chem Eng 3:113–121.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2014.11.023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Gupta VK, Nayak A, Bhushan B, Agarwal S (2015b) A critical analysis on the efficiency of activated carbons from low-cost precursors for heavy metals remediation. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 45:613–668.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2013.876526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Habineza A, Zhai J, Ntakirutimana T, Qiu FP, Li X, Wang Q (2017) Heavy metal removal from wastewaters by agricultural waste low-cost adsorbents: hindrances of adsorption technology to the large scale industrial application – a review. Desal Water Treat 78:192–214.  https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.20581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. He J, Chen JP (2014) A comprehensive review on biosorption of heavy metals by algal biomass: materials, performances, chemistry, and modeling simulation tools. Bioresour Technol 160:67–78.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.01.068CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Ho YS, McKay G (2000) The kinetics of sorption of divalent metal ions onto sphagnum moss peat. Water Res 34:735–742.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00232-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Hu C, Zhu P, Cai M, Hu H, Fu Q (2017) Comparative adsorption of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) on chitosan saturated montmorillonite: kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium studies. Appl Clay Sci 143:320–326.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2017.04.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Ihsanullah AA, Al-Amer AM, Laoui T, Al-Marri MJ, Nasser MS, Khraisheh M, Atieh MA (2016) Heavy metal removal from aqueous solution by advanced carbon nanotubes: critical review of adsorption applications. Sep Purif Technol 157:141–161.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2015.11.039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Jaafar R, Al-Sulami A, Al-Taee A, Aldoghachi F, Suhaimi N, Mohammed S (2016) Biosorption of some heavy metals by Deinococcus radiodurans isolated from soil in Basra Governorate-Iraq. J Bioremediat Biodegrad 7:1–4.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6199.1000332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Jain N, Johnson TA, Kumar A, Mishra S, Gupta N (2015) Biosorption of Cd(II) on jatropha fruit coat and seed coat. Environ Monit Assess 187:411–423.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-015-4658-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Jain CK, Malik DS, Yadav AK (2016) Applicability of plant based biosorbents in the removal of heavy metals: a review. Environ Process 3:495–523.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40710-016-0143-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Javanbakht V, Alavi SA, Zilouei H (2014) Mechanisms of heavy metal removal using microorganisms as biosorbent. Water Sci Technol 69:1775–1787.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2013.718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Javanbakht V, Ghoreishi SM, Habibi N, Javanbakht M (2016) A novel magnetic chitosan/clinoptilolite/magnetite nanocomposite for highly efficient removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution. Powder Technol 302:372–383.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2016.08.069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Ji YQ, Hu YT, Tian Q, Shao XZ, Li J, Safarikova M, Safarik I (2010) Biosorption of strontium ions by magnetically modified yeast cells. Sep Sci Technol 45:1499–1504.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01496391003705664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Jiang R, Tian J, Zheng H, Qi J, Sun S, Li X (2015) A novel magnetic adsorbent based on waste litchi peels for removing Pb(II) from aqueous solution. J Environ Manag 155:24–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.03.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Jin Y, Wang X, Zang T, Hu Y, Hu X, Ren G, Xu X, Qu J (2016) Biosorption of lead(II) by Arthrobacter sp. 25: process optimization and mechanism. J Microbiol Biotechnol 26:1428–1438.  https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1603.03074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Johansson CL, Paul NA, de Nys R, Roberts DA (2016) Simultaneous biosorption of selenium, arsenic and molybdenum with modified algal-based biochars. J Environ Manag 165:117–123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.09.021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Joo JH, Hassan SHA, Oh SE (2010) Comparative study of biosorption of Zn2+ by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 64:734–741.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2010.08.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Kanmani P, Aravind J, Kamaraj M, Sureshbabu P, Karthikeyan S (2017) Environmental applications of chitosan and cellulosic biopolymers: a comprehensive outlook. Bioresour Technol 242:295–303.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.03.119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Kariuki Z, Kiptoo J, Onyancha D (2017) Biosorption studies of lead and copper using rogers mushroom biomass ‘Lepiota hystrix’. S Afr J Chem Eng 23:62–70.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajce.2017.02.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Khan AM, Ahmad CS, Farooq U, Mahmood K, Sarfraz M, Balkhair KS, Ashraf MA (2015) Removal of metallic elements from industrial waste water through biomass and clay. Front Life Sci 8:223–230.  https://doi.org/10.1080/21553769.2015.1041187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Khanra P, Kuila T, Kim NH, Bae SH, Yu DS, Lee JH (2012) Simultaneous bio-functionalization and reduction of graphene oxide by baker’s yeast. Chem Eng J 183:526–533.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.12.075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Khaskheli M, Memon S, Chandio Z, Jatoi W, Mahar M, Khokhar F (2016) Okra leaves—agricultural waste for the removal of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) from contaminated water. Am J Anal Chem 7:395–409.  https://doi.org/10.4236/ajac.2016.74037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Kirova G, Velkova Z, Stoytcheva M, Hristova Y, Iliev I, Gochev V (2015) Biosorption of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by waste biomass of streptomyces fradiae pretreated with NaOH. Biotechnol Biotechnol Equip 29:689–695.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13102818.2015.1036775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Kousalya GN, Rajiv Gandhi M, Sairam Sundaram C, Meenakshi S (2010) Synthesis of nano-hydroxyapatite chitin/chitosan hybrid biocomposites for the removal of Fe(III). Carbohydr Polym 82:594–599.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.05.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Kumar P, Dara SS (1982) Utilisation of agricultural wastes for decontaminating industrial/domestic wastewaters from toxic metals. Agric Wastes 4:213–223.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-4607(82)90013-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Kyzas GZ, Deliyanni EA (2013) Mercury(II) removal with modified magnetic chitosan adsorbents. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) 18:6193–6214.  https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules18066193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Lagergren S (1898) About the theory of so–called adsorption of soluble substances. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens, Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  91. Lan CH, Lin TS (2005) Acute toxicity of trivalent thallium compounds to Daphnia magna. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 61:432–435.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2004.12.021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja02242a004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Largitte L, Pasquier R (2016) A review of the kinetics adsorption models and their application to the adsorption of lead by an activated carbon. Chem Eng Res Des 109:495–504.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2016.02.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Lee LK, Ruthven DM (1979) Kinetics of sorption in bi-porous molecular sieves — Part I. Mathematical models for systems with rectangular equilibrium isotherm. Can J Chem Eng 57:65–70.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450570110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Leyva-Ramos R, Geankoplis CJ (1985) Model simulation and analysis of surface diffusion of liquids in porous solids. Chem Eng Sci 40:799–807.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(85)85032-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Li H (2016) Application of porous carbon macrostructures for water purification. Prog Chem 28:1462–1473.  https://doi.org/10.7536/PC160305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Li W, Huang Q, Lu S, Wu H, Li X, Yan J (2015) Life cycle assessment of the environmental impacts of typical industrial hazardous waste incineration in eastern China. Aerosol Air Qual Res 15:242–251.  https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2013.10.0318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Li M, Zhang Z, Li R, Wang JJ, Ali A (2016) Removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution by thiosemicarbazide modified chitosan. Int J Biol Macromol 86:876–884.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.02.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Li D, Xu X, Yu H, Han X (2017a) Characterization of Pb2+ biosorption by psychrotrophic strain Pseudomonas sp. I3 isolated from permafrost soil of Mohe wetland in Northeast China. J Environ Manag 196:8–15.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.02.076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Li R, Liang W, Li M, Jiang S, Huang H, Zhang Z, Wang JJ, Awasthi MK (2017b) Removal of Cd(II) and Cr(VI) ions by highly cross-linked thiocarbohydrazide-chitosan gel. Int J Biol Macromol 104:1072–1081.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Liu Y (2009) Is the free energy change of adsorption correctly calculated? J Chem Eng Data 54:1981–1985.  https://doi.org/10.1021/je800661qCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Liu X, Zhang L (2015) Insight into the adsorption mechanisms of vanadium(V) on a high-efficiency biosorbent (Ti-doped chitosan bead). Int J Biol Macromol 79:110–117.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.04.065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Liu C, Ngo HH, Guo W (2012) Watermelon rind: agro-waste or superior biosorbent? Appl Biochem Biotechnol 167:1699–1715.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-011-9521-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Liu YP, Zhang Q, Ren J, Guo J, Cai ZJ (2017) Preparation of polyhydroxybutyrate/carbon nanotubes composite nanofiber membrane and their adsorption performance for heavy metal ions. Acta Polym Sin 5:820–829.  https://doi.org/10.11777/j.issn1000-3304.2017.16217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Luo C, Liu C, Wang Y, Liu X, Li F, Zhang G, Li X (2011) Heavy metal contamination in soils and vegetables near an e-waste processing site, south China. J Hazard Mat 186:481–490.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Mack C, Wilhelmi B, Duncan JR, Burgess JE (2007) Biosorption of precious metals. Biotechnol Adv 25:264–271.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2007.01.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Maestri E, Marmiroli M, Visioli G, Marmiroli N (2010) Metal tolerance and hyperaccumulation: costs and trade-offs between traits and environment. Environ Exp Bot 68:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.10.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Mahmoud ME, Yakout AA, Abdel-Aal H, Osman MM (2011) Enhanced biosorptive removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions by silicon dioxide nano-powder, heat inactivated and immobilized Aspergillus ustus. Desalination 279:291–297.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.06.023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Mahmoud ME, Yakout AA, Abdel-Aal H, Osman MM (2013) Immobilization of Fusarium verticillioides fungus on nano-silica (NSi-Fus): a novel and efficient biosorbent for water treatment and solid phase extraction of Mg(II) and Ca(II). Bioresour Technol 134:324–330.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.01.171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Mahmoud ME, Ahmed SB, Osman MM, Abdel-Fattah TM (2015a) A novel composite of nanomagnetite-immobilized-baker’s yeast on the surface of activated carbon for magnetic solid phase extraction of Hg(II). Fuel 139:614–621.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Mahmoud ME, Yakout AA, Abdel-Aal H, Osman MM (2015b) Speciation and selective biosorption of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) using nanosilica immobilized-fungi biosorbents. J Environ Eng 141:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Manzano BC, Roberto MM, Hoshina MM, Menegario AA, MA M-M (2015) Evaluation of the genotoxicity of waters impacted by domestic and industrial effluents of a highly industrialized region of Sao Paulo State, Brazil, by the comet assay in HTC cells. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 22:1399–1407.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3476-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Maurya NS, Mittal AK, Cornel P, Rother E (2006) Biosorption of dyes using dead macro fungi: effect of dye structure, ionic strength and pH. Bioresour Technol 97:512–521.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.02.045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. McCallan SEA, Miller LP (1956) Innate toxicity of fungicides, vol 52. Interscience Publishers, Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  115. Meiri H, Banin E, Roll M, Rousseau A (1993) Toxic effects of aluminium on nerve cells and synaptic transmission. Prog Neurobiol 40:89–121.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0082(93)90049-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Michalak I, Chojnacka K, Witek-Krowiak A (2013) State of the art for the biosorption process – a review. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 170:1389–1416.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0269-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Modak J, Natarajan K (1995) Biosorption of metals using nonliving biomass – a review. Miner Metall Process 12:189–196Google Scholar
  118. Mohanty N, Berry V (2008) Graphene-based single-bacterium resolution biodevice and DNA transistor: interfacing graphene derivatives with nanoscale and microscale biocomponents. Nano Lett 8:4469–4476.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nl802412nCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Monier M, Ayad DM, Wei Y, Sarhan AA (2010) Adsorption of Cu(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) ions by modified magnetic chitosan chelating resin. J Hazard Mat 177:962–970.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.01.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Moura JM, Farias BS, Rodrigues DAS, Moura CM, Dotto GL, Pinto LAA (2015) Preparation of chitosan with different characteristics and its application for biofilms production. J Polym Environ 23:470–477.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-015-0730-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Muraleedharan TR, Iyengar L, Venkobachar C (1991) Biosorption: an attractive alternative for metal removal and recovery. Curr Sci 61:379–385 doi:not availableGoogle Scholar
  122. Naja G, Volesky B (2011) The mechanism of metal cation and anion biosorption. In: Kotrba P, Mackova M, Macek T (eds) Microbial biosorption of metals. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 19–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Nasiadek M, Sapota A (2004) Toxic effect of dust and fumes of aluminium and its compounds on workers’ respiratory tract. Med Pr 55:495–500 doi:not availableGoogle Scholar
  124. Nguyen ML, Juang R-S (2015) Modification of crosslinked chitosan beads with histidine and Saccharomyces cerevisiae for enhanced Ni(II) biosorption. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 56:96–102.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.03.033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Nguyen TAH, Ngo HH, Guo WS, Zhang J, Liang S, Yue QY, Li Q, Nguyen TV (2013) Applicability of agricultural waste and by-products for adsorptive removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Bioresour Technol 148:574–585.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.08.124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Nharingo T, Moyo M, Mahamadi C (2016) Kinetics and equilibrium studies on the biosorption of Cr(VI) by Vigna Subterranean (L.) Verdc hull. Int J Environ Res 10:85–96.  https://doi.org/10.22059/IJER.2016.56891
  127. Okman I, Karagöz S, Tay T, Erdem M (2014) Activated carbons from grape seeds By chemical activation with potassium carbonate and potassium hydroxide. Appl Surf Sci 293:138–142.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.12.117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Okoli CP, Diagboya PN, Anigbogu IO, Olu-Owolabi BI, Adebowale KO (2016) Competitive biosorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions using chemically modified moss biomass (Barbula lambarenensis). Environ Earth Sci 76:33–37.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-6368-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Oliveira CR, Bernardes AM, Gerbase AE (2012) Collection and recycling of electronic scrap: A worldwide overview and comparison with the Brazilian situation. Waste Manag 32:1592–1610.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.04.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Oura K, Lifshits V, Saranin A, Zotov A, Katayama M (2003) Atomic structure of surfaces with adsorbates. In: Surface science. Springer, Berlin/HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Oyetibo GO, Ilori MO, Obayori OS, Amund OO (2014) Equilibrium studies of cadmium biosorption by presumed non-viable bacterial strains isolated from polluted sites. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 91:37–44.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2014.03.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Padilla-Rodríguez A, Hernández-Viezcas JA, Peralta-Videa JR, Gardea-Torresdey JL, Perales-Pérez O, FR R-V (2015) Synthesis of protonated chitosan flakes for the removal of vanadium (III, IV and V) oxyanions from aqueous solutions. Microchem J 118:1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2014.07.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Pan X, Wu W, Lü J, Chen Z, Li L, Rao W, Guan X (2017) Biosorption and extraction of europium by Bacillus thuringiensis strain. Inorg Chem Commun 75:21–24.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inoche.2016.11.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Pandey B, Suthar S, Singh V (2016) Accumulation and health risk of heavy metals in sugarcane irrigated with industrial effluent in some rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. Process Saf Environ Prot 102:655–666.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2016.05.024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Park D, Yun Y-S, Park JM (2010) The past, present, and future trends of biosorption. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 15:86–102.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12257-009-0199-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Piccin JS, Cadaval TRSA, de Pinto LAA, Dotto GL (2017) Adsorption isotherms in liquid phase: experimental, modeling, and interpretations. In: Bonilla-Petriciolet A, Mendoza-Castillo DI, Reynel-Ávila HE (eds) Adsorption processes for water treatment and purification. Springer, Cham, pp 19–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Pirveysian M, Ghiaci M (2018) Synthesis and characterization of sulfur functionalized graphene oxide nanosheets as efficient sorbent for removal of Pb2+, Cd2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions from aqueous solution: a combined thermodynamic and kinetic studies. Appl Surf Sci 428:98–109.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.09.105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Pokethitiyook P, Poolpak T (2016) Biosorption of heavy metal from aqueous solutions. In: Ansari AA, Gill SS, Gill R, Lanza GR, Newman L (eds) Phytoremediation: management of environmental contaminants, vol 3. Springer, Cham, pp 113–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Pospiskova K, Prochazkova G, Safarik I (2013) One-step magnetic modification of yeast cells by microwave-synthesized iron oxide microparticles. Lett Appl Microbiol 56:456–461.  https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.12069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Qiu H, Lv L, Pan BC, Zhang QJ, Zhang WM, Zhang QX (2009) Critical review in adsorption kinetic models. J Zhejiang Univ Sci A 10:716–724.  https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A0820524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Ramesh A, Hasegawa H, Sugimoto W, Maki T, Ueda K (2008) Adsorption of gold(III), platinum(IV) and palladium(II) onto glycine modified crosslinked chitosan resin. Bioresour Technol 99:3801–3809.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.07.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Rao A, Bankar A, Kumar AR, Gosavi S, Zinjarde S (2013) Removal of hexavalent chromium ions by Yarrowia lipolytica cells modified with phyto-inspired Fe0/Fe3O4 nanoparticles. J Contam Hydrol 146:63–73.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2012.12.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Ratnaike RN (2003) Acute and chronic arsenic toxicity. Postgrad Med J 79:391–396.  https://doi.org/10.1136/pmj.79.933.391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Redlich O, Peterson DL (1959) A useful adsorption isotherm. J Phys Chem 63:1024–1024.  https://doi.org/10.1021/j150576a611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Ren G, Jin Y, Zhang C, Gu H, Qu J (2015) Characteristics of Bacillus sp. PZ-1 and its biosorption to Pb(II). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 117:141–148.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.03.033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Roberts GAF (1992) Chitin chemistry. Macmillan, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Ruiz-Hitzky E, Darder M (2006) Special issue on trends in biohybrid nanostructured materials. Curr Nanosci 2:153–294.  https://doi.org/10.2174/1573413710602030153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Ruiz-Hitzky E, Darder M, Aranda P (2008) An introduction to bio-nanohybrid materials. In: Bio-inorganic hybrid nanomaterials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, pp 1–40Google Scholar
  149. Ruthven D (1984) Principles of adsorption and adsorption processes. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  150. Safinejad A, Chamjangali MA, Goudarzi N, Bagherian G (2017) Synthesis and characterization of a new magnetic bio-adsorbent using walnut shell powder and its application in ultrasonic assisted removal of lead. J Environ Chem Eng 5:1429–1437.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.02.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Saleh AS, Ibrahim AG, Abdelhai F, Elsharma EM, Metwally E, Siyam T (2017) Preparation of poly(chitosan-acrylamide) flocculant using gamma radiation for adsorption of Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions. Radiat Phys Chem 134:33–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.01.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Samer M (2015) Biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes. In: Samer (ed) Wastewater treatment engineering. InTech.  https://doi.org/10.5772/61250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Sayʇili H, Güzel F, Önal Y (2015) Conversion of grape industrial processing waste to activated carbon sorbent and its performance in cationic and anionic dyes adsorption. J Clean Prod 93:84–93.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Schleuter D, Gunther A, Paasch S, Ehrlich H, Kljajic Z, Hanke T, Bernhard G, Brunner E (2013) Chitin-based renewable materials from marine sponges for uranium adsorption. Carbohydr Polym 92:712–718.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.08.090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Seiler H, Sigel H, Astrid Sigel A (1988) Handbook on toxicity of inorganic compounds. Marcel Dekker, Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  156. Sellaoui L, Franco DSP, Dotto GL, Lima ÉC, Lamine AB (2017) Single and binary adsorption of cobalt and methylene blue on modified chitin: application of the Hill and exclusive extended Hill models. J Mol Liq 233:543–550.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.10.079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Shaker MA (2015) Adsorption of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) ions onto chitosan-modified poly(methacrylate) nanoparticles: dynamics, equilibrium and thermodynamics studies. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 57:111–122.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.05.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Sips R (1948) On the structure of a catalyst surface. J Chem Phys 16:490–495.  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1746922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Smith KS, Balistrieri LS, Todd AS (2015) Using biotic ligand models to predict metal toxicity in mineralized systems. Appl Geochem 57:55–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.07.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Somogyi Z, Kiss I, Kadar I, Bakonyi G (2007) Toxicity of selenate and selenite to the potworm Enchytraeus albidus (Annelida: Enchytraeidae): a laboratory test. Ecotoxicology 16:379–384.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-007-0140-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Song T, Liang J, Bai X, Li Y, Wei Y, Huang S, Dong L, Qu J, Jin Y (2017) Biosorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solution by modified Auricularia Auricular matrix waste. J Mol Liq 241:1023–1031.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.06.111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Songkroah C, Nakbanpote W, Thiravetyan P (2004) Recovery of silver-thiosulphate complexes with chitin. Process Biochem 39:1553–1559.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(03)00284-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Souza PR, Dotto GL, Salau NPG (2017) Detailed numerical solution of pore volume and surface diffusion model in adsorption systems. Chem Eng Res Des 122:298–307.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2017.04.021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Srivastava S, Goyal P (2010a) Novel biomaterials: decontamination of toxic metals from wastewater, Springer, Berlin/HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Srivastava S, Goyal P (2010b) Biosorption: mechanistic aspects. In: Environmental science and engineering (Subseries: environmental science), pp 47–50Google Scholar
  166. Stafford FN, Viquez MD, Labrincha J, Hotza D (2015) Advances and challenges for the co-processing in Latin American cement industry. Procedia Mat Sci 9:571–577.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mspro.2015.05.032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Steen WC, Karickhoff SW (1981) Biosorption of hydrophobic organic pollutants by mixed microbial populations. Chemosphere 10:27–32.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(81)90156-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Suemitsu R, Uenishi R, Akashi I, Nakano M (1986) The use of dyestuff-treated rice hulls for removal of heavy metals from waste water. J Appl Polym Sci 31:75–83.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1986.070310108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Tasis D, Tagmatarchis N, Bianco A, Prato M (2006) Chemistry of carbon nanotubes. Chem Rev 106:1105–1136.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr050569oCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Tian Y, Ji C, Zhao M, Xu M, Zhang Y, Wang R (2010) Preparation and characterization of baker’s yeast modified by nano-Fe3O4: application of biosorption of methyl violet in aqueous solution. Chem Eng J 165:474–481.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.09.037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Tran HN, You SJ, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Chao HP (2017) Mistakes and inconsistencies regarding adsorption of contaminants from aqueous solutions: a critical review. Water Res 120:88–116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.04.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Tsezos M, Volesky B (1981) Biosorption of uranium and thorium. Biotechnol Bioeng 23:583–604.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260230309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Tsuruta T (2004) Biosorption and recycling of gold using various microorganisms. J Gen Appl Microbiol 50:221–228.  https://doi.org/10.2323/jgam.50.221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Vafajoo L, Cheraghi R, Dabbagh R, McKay G (2018) Removal of cobalt (II) ions from aqueous solutions utilizing the pre-treated 2-Hypnea Valentiae algae: equilibrium, thermodynamic, and dynamic studies. Chem Eng J 331:39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.08.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Vale MS, do Nascimento RF, Leitão RC, Santaella ST (2016) Cr and Zn biosorption by Aspergillus niger. Environ Earth Sci 75:462–468.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-5343-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Van Thuan T, Quynh BTP, Nguyen TD, Ho VTT, Bach LG (2017) Response surface methodology approach for optimization of Cu2+, Ni2+ and Pb2+ adsorption using KOH-activated carbon from banana peel. Surf Interface 6:209–217.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfin.2016.10.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Veglio F, Beolchini F (1997) Removal of metals by biosorption: a review. Hydrometallurgy 44:301–316.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-386X(96)00059-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Vijayaraghavan K, Balasubramanian R (2015) Is biosorption suitable for decontamination of metal-bearing wastewaters? A critical review on the state-of-the-art of biosorption processes and future directions. J Environ Manag 160:283–296.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.06.030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Vijayaraghavan K, Yun Y-S (2008) Bacterial biosorbents and biosorption. Biotechnol Adv 26:266–291.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.02.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Vishan I, Sivaprakasam S, Kalamdhad A (2017) Biosorption of lead using Bacillus badius AK strain isolated from compost of green waste (water hyacinth). Environ Technol 38:1812–1822.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2017.1298674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Volesky B (2003a) Biosorption process simulation tools. Hydrometallurgy 71:179–190.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-386X(03)00155-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Volesky B (2003b) Sorption and biosorption. BV Sorbex, St. LambertGoogle Scholar
  183. Volesky B (2007) Biosorption and me. Water Res 41:4017–4029.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.05.062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Wahid MH, Eroglu E, Chen X, Smith SM, Raston CL (2013) Functional multi-layer graphene-algae hybrid material formed using vortex fluidics. Green Chem 15:650–655.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c2gc36892gCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Wang J, Chen C (2009) Biosorbents for heavy metals removal and their future. Biotechnol Adv 27:195–226.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.11.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Wang L, Peng H, Liu S, Yu H, Li P, Xing R (2012) Adsorption properties of gold onto a chitosan derivative. Int J Biol Macromol 51:701–704.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2012.06.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Wen Y, Tang Z, Chen Y, Gu Y (2011) Adsorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using chitosan-coated fly ash composite as biosorbent. Chem Eng J 175:110–116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.09.066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Winship KA (1987) Toxicity of antimony and its compounds. Adverse Drug React Acute Poisoning Rev 6:67–90 doi:not availableGoogle Scholar
  189. Wurdack ME (1923) Chemical composition of the walls of certain algae, vol 141. Ohio State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  190. Xu C, Wang J, Yang T, Chen X, Liu X, Ding X (2015) Adsorption of uranium by amidoximated chitosan-grafted polyacrylonitrile, using response surface methodology. Carbohydr Polym 121:79–85.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.12.024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Xue XY, Cheng R, Shi L, Ma Z, Zheng X (2017) Nanomaterials for water pollution monitoring and remediation. Environ Chem Lett 15:23–27.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-016-0595-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Yang R, Su Y, Aubrecht KB, Wang X, Ma H, Grubbs RB, Hsiao BS, Chu B (2015) Thiol-functionalized chitin nanofibers for As (III) adsorption. Polymer 60:9–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2015.01.025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Yargıç AŞ, Yarbay Şahin RZ, Özbay N, Önal E (2015) Assessment of toxic copper(II) biosorption from aqueous solution by chemically-treated tomato waste. J Clean Prod 88:152–159.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Yeung AT, Gu YY (2011) A review on techniques to enhance electrochemical remediation of contaminated soils. J Hazard Mat 195:11–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.08.047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Young KD (2010) Bacterial cell wall, eLS. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  196. Yu Z, Dang Q, Liu C, Cha D, Zhang H, Zhu W, Zhang Q, Fan B (2017) Preparation and characterization of poly(maleic acid)-grafted cross-linked chitosan microspheres for Cd(II) adsorption. Carbohydr Polym 172:28–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.05.039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Zang T, Cheng Z, Lu L, Jin Y, Xu X, Ding W, Qu J (2017) Removal of Cr(VI) by modified and immobilized Auricularia auricula spent substrate in a fixed-bed column. Ecol Eng 99:358–365.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.11.070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Zazycki MA, Tanabe EH, Bertuol DA, Dotto GL (2017) Adsorption of valuable metals from leachates of mobile phone wastes using biopolymers and activated carbon. J Environ Manag 188:18–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.11.078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Zeldowitsch J (1934) Über den mechanismus der katalytischen oxydation von CO an MnO2. Acta Phys Chim URSS 1:364–449 doi:no availableGoogle Scholar
  200. Zhang L, Yang S, Han T, Zhong L, Ma C, Zhou Y, Han X (2012) Improvement of Ag(I) adsorption onto chitosan/triethanolamine composite sorbent by an ion-imprinted technology. Appl Surf Sci 263:696–703.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.09.143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Zhang L, Xia W, Teng B, Liu X, Zhang W (2013) Zirconium cross-linked chitosan composite: preparation, characterization and application in adsorption of Cr(VI). Chem Eng J 229:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.05.102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. Zhang M, Helleur R, Zhang Y (2015) Ion-imprinted chitosan gel beads for selective adsorption of Ag+ from aqueous solutions. Carbohydr Polym 130:206–212.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.05.038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Zhang L, Cheng N, Wang X (2016) Metabolic mechanism of copper and its toxic effect on liver. Chen J Gastroenterol 21:762–764.  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1008-7125.2016.12.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Zhao Y, Wang D, Xie H, Won SW, Cui L, Wu G (2015) Adsorption of Ag (I) from aqueous solution by waste yeast: kinetic, equilibrium and mechanism studies. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 38:69–77.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00449-014-1244-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Zhao D, Zhang Q, Xuan H, Chen Y, Zhang K, Feng S, Alsaedi A, Hayat T, Chen C (2017) EDTA functionalized Fe3O4/graphene oxide for efficient removal of U(VI) from aqueous solutions. J Colloid Interface Sci 506:300–307.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2017.07.057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Zhong Y, Zhen Z, Zhu H (2017) Graphene: fundamental research and potential applications. FlatChem 4:20–32.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flatc.2017.06.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Zhou L, Shang C, Liu Z, Huang G, Adesina AA (2012) Selective adsorption of uranium(VI) from aqueous solutions using the ion-imprinted magnetic chitosan resins. J Colloid Interface Sci 366:165–172.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.09.069CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leticia B. Escudero
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pamela Y. Quintas
    • 1
  • Rodolfo G. Wuilloud
    • 1
  • Guilherme L. Dotto
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Research and Development (QUIANID), Interdisciplinary Institute of Basic Sciences (ICB), UNCUYO–CONICET, Faculty of Natural and Exact SciencesNational University of CuyoMendozaArgentina
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering DepartmentFederal University of Santa Maria, UFSMSanta MariaBrazil

Personalised recommendations