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Hemp-Based Materials for Metal Removal

  • Nadia Morin-CriniEmail author
  • Sonia Loiacono
  • Vincent Placet
  • Giangiacomo Torri
  • Corina Bradu
  • Mirjana Kostić
  • Cesare Cosentino
  • Gilles Chanet
  • Bernard Martel
  • Eric Lichtfouse
  • Grégorio Crini
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 19)

Abstract

With the increasing focus on renewable materials and sustainability issues, the development of non-conventional materials from natural resources and possessing complexing properties is currently an area of extensive research due to their potential applications in biosorption processes for pollutant removal. Among them, the hemp plant, an annual high yielding industrial crop grown for its fibres and seeds, is one of the most promising material for biosorption of metal ions from diluted waste streams. In this chapter, an extensive list of hemp-based biosorbent literature has been compiled and discussed. After a brief description of hemp and its properties and applications, the chapter gives a general overview of liquid-solid biosorption processes for metal removal from aqueous solutions onto hemp-based materials.

Keywords

Hemp Biosorption Metals Mechanisms 

Abbreviations

AC

activated carbons

CAC

commercial activated carbons

DSC

differential scanning calorimetry

EDX

energy-disperse X-ray spectroscopy

FT-IR

Fourier transform infra-red spectrophotometry

MFA

microfibrils angle

NMR

nuclear magnetic spectroscopy

SEM

scanning electron microscopy

SPE

solid-phase extraction

TGA

thermogravimetric analysis

THC

delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ΔG

Gibbs free energy change

ΔH

enthalpy change

ΔS

entropy change

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadia Morin-Crini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sonia Loiacono
    • 1
  • Vincent Placet
    • 2
  • Giangiacomo Torri
    • 3
  • Corina Bradu
    • 4
  • Mirjana Kostić
    • 5
  • Cesare Cosentino
    • 3
  • Gilles Chanet
    • 6
  • Bernard Martel
    • 7
  • Eric Lichtfouse
    • 8
  • Grégorio Crini
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Chrono-Environment, UMR 6249, UFR Sciences et TechniquesUniversité Bourgogne Franche-ComtéBesançonFrance
  2. 2.FEMTO-ST Institute, CNRS/UFC/ENSMM/UTBM, Department of Applied MechanicsBourgogne Franche-Comté UniversityBesançonFrance
  3. 3.Istituto di Chimica e Biochimica G. RonzoniMilanItaly
  4. 4.Research Center for Environmental Protection and Waste Management, University of BucharestBucharestRomania
  5. 5.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  6. 6.EurochanveArc-les-GrayFrance
  7. 7.University of Lille, CNRS, INRA, ENSCL, UMR 8207, UMET – Unité Matériaux et TransformationsLilleFrance
  8. 8.CEREGE – Centre européen de recherche et d’enseignement des géosciences de l’environnementUniversité Aix-Marseille, Collège de France, CNRS, INRA, IRD, Europôle Méditerranéen de l’ArboisAix-en-ProvenceFrance

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