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International Food Safety: Economic Incentives, Progress, and Future Challenges

  • Tanya RobertsEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)

Abstract

This book introduces the economic frameworks and tools commonly used to examine and support public and private sector strategies to solve food safety problems. It also summarizes the state of the art of private and public initiatives to improve the level of food safety in food supply chains and reduce outbreaks of foodborne diseases. Key insights are as follows: (1) Food safety is a major public health problem worldwide with large economic costs; (2) lack of information about pathogens is the economic problem; (3) the private and public sectors need to collaborate and share information to identify the foods and companies causing foodborne illness; and (4) pathogen control is not prohibitively expensive, and governments have the responsibility of protecting the public and of providing economic incentives for industry to minimize the amount of unsafe food in the markets.

Future food safety challenges discussed include the continued trend toward industrialized food production, the increasingly global impact of large food companies, and the impact of climate change.

Keywords

Food safety Economic incentives Foodborne pathogens Agency theory Externalities Regulatory controls Supply chain management HACCP 

Abbreviations

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA

FDA

Food and Drug Administration, USA

FSMA

Food Safety Modernization Act, USA

HACCP

Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points

IFSAC

Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration

MPDG

Meat and Poultry Dialogue Group

OIG

Office of Inspector General, USDA

USDA

US Department of Agriculture

Notes

Acknowledgment

I greatly appreciate the input from coauthors Walter Armbruster, Diogo M. Souza Monteiro, Arie Havelaar, and Patricia Buck. Any mistakes, of course, are mine.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economic Research ServiceUSDA (retired), Center for Foodborne Illness Research and PreventionVashonUSA

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