International Food Safety: Economic Incentives, Progress, and Future Challenges

  • Tanya RobertsEmail author
Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)


This book introduces the economic frameworks and tools commonly used to examine and support public and private sector strategies to solve food safety problems. It also summarizes the state of the art of private and public initiatives to improve the level of food safety in food supply chains and reduce outbreaks of foodborne diseases. Key insights are as follows: (1) Food safety is a major public health problem worldwide with large economic costs; (2) lack of information about pathogens is the economic problem; (3) the private and public sectors need to collaborate and share information to identify the foods and companies causing foodborne illness; and (4) pathogen control is not prohibitively expensive, and governments have the responsibility of protecting the public and of providing economic incentives for industry to minimize the amount of unsafe food in the markets.

Future food safety challenges discussed include the continued trend toward industrialized food production, the increasingly global impact of large food companies, and the impact of climate change.


Food safety Economic incentives Foodborne pathogens Agency theory Externalities Regulatory controls Supply chain management HACCP 



Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA


Food and Drug Administration, USA


Food Safety Modernization Act, USA


Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points


Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration


Meat and Poultry Dialogue Group


Office of Inspector General, USDA


US Department of Agriculture



I greatly appreciate the input from coauthors Walter Armbruster, Diogo M. Souza Monteiro, Arie Havelaar, and Patricia Buck. Any mistakes, of course, are mine.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economic Research ServiceUSDA (retired), Center for Foodborne Illness Research and PreventionVashonUSA

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