Sweden Led Salmonella Control in Broilers: Which Countries Are Following?

  • Tanya RobertsEmail author
  • Johan Lindblad
Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)


Sweden was the first country to achieve control of Salmonella in the production of broilers. In 1994, the World Health Organization’s Veterinary Public Health Unit published a report summarizing the steps Sweden took, such as monitoring critical control points in production with Salmonella tests and depopulating flocks when tests were positive. This chapter explores the evolution of Sweden’s successful control strategy and the role of economic incentives embodied in strong regulations, in private insurance policies, and in consumer demand. Spread of the control in other Nordic countries is discussed. Swedish researchers estimate that Salmonella control costs 2.6 US cents per broiler or less than 1 cent per pound of meat. Comparisons are made to the US poultry industry, US Salmonella regulations, and the demand for Salmonella control by retailers. The economic externalities imposed on the US public by the current low level of Salmonella control in broilers are also explored. One externality, the societal cost of foodborne salmonellosis, is estimated at $5–$16 billion annually (Chap.  8). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that poultry, at 29%, is the largest cause of US Salmonella illnesses.


Salmonella control Broilers Chicken Standards Insurance Economic externalities Economic incentives Salmonellosis 



Benefit/cost analysis


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Center for Science in the Public Interest


Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine


Environmental Protection Agency


Economic Research Service, USDA


European Union


Finnish Salmonella control program


Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA


Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, USDA


Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points






National Chicken Council


PEW Research Center


Swedish Board of Agriculture


United States Department of Agriculture


World Health Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economic Research ServiceUSDA (retired), Center for Foodborne Illness Research and PreventionVashonUSA
  2. 2.The Swedish Poultry Meat Association (Retired)StockholmSweden

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