Augmented Endoscopy in Barrett’s Esophagus: Zoom Endoscopy, Traditional and Virtual Chromoendoscopy

  • Giuseppe GalloroEmail author
  • Raffaele Manta
  • Nico Pagano
  • Teresa Russo
  • Donato Alessandro Telesca
  • Andrea Parodi
  • Cesare Formisano


Barrett’s Esophagus diagnosis is a combination between an endoscopic suspect and a histological confirmation of endoscopic biopsies showing intestinal metaplasia. Current guidelines codify biopsies protocols but none of these guarantees the recognition of intestinal metaplasia areas: sampling error is an-in-ambush pitfall and misdiagnosis is a concrete possibility.

To improve intestinal metaplasia detection, several techniques have been proposed and some of these show, indeed, very good results, better than white-light endoscopy exploration.

In this chapter, we will analyze the role and the results of traditional chromoendoscopy, zoom/magnifying endoscopy, and computed virtual chromoendoscopy in the advanced study of Barrett’s Esophagus.


Augmented endoscopy Barrett’s esophagus Chromoendoscopy Diagnosis Dysplasia Magnification NBI Virtual chromoendoscopy Zoom endoscopy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Galloro
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raffaele Manta
    • 2
  • Nico Pagano
    • 3
  • Teresa Russo
    • 1
  • Donato Alessandro Telesca
    • 1
  • Andrea Parodi
    • 4
  • Cesare Formisano
    • 5
  1. 1.Surgical Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Department of Clinical Medicine and SurgeryUniversity of Naples Federico II—School of MedicineNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, NOCSAE Hospital of ModenaModenaItaly
  3. 3.Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC)University Alma Mater Bologna, Italy—School of MedicineBolognaItaly
  4. 4.Gastroenterology Unit, Galliera HospitalGenoaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Clinical Medicine and SurgerySurgical Colo-Proctology Unit, University Federico II—School of MedicineNaplesItaly

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