Introduction: Obeying and Disobeying
In the introduction, the authors account for traditional understandings of “obedience as decorum” and “obedience as deference to power.” These models, they suggest, no longer characterize linguistic obedience in 2018, when far-right bloggers, troll armies, and the US President style themselves as underdog insurgents, despite having immediate access to the levers of political power. The focus is on how the free market in linguistic disfiguration, legitimated since the 1990s by self-appointed language experts, turns the incentive to speak in civically destructive ways into a lucrative political economy. The authors accordingly define linguistic disobedience as those practices of language care, critique, and correction that—amid such a political economy of incentivized disfiguration—forgo the spoils of everyday interactional domination, in pursuit of better, more just contributions.
- Appadurai, Arjun. Banking on Words: The Failure of Language in the Age of Derivative Finance. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2016.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, Pierre. The Field of Cultural Production. Translated and edited by Randal Johnson. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
- Cameron, Deborah. Verbal Hygiene. London: Verso, 1995.Google Scholar
- Chen, Adrian. “The Agency.” The New York Times, June 2, 2015.Google Scholar
- Clark, Alex. “Breitbart’s Boyle: Our Goal Is the ‘Elimination of the Entire Mainstream Media.’” Breitbart.com, July 19, 2017.
- De Tocqueville, Alexis. Democracy in America. Translated by James T. Schleifer. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2012.Google Scholar
- Derrida, Jacques. Monolingualism of the Other: or, the Prosthesis of Origin. Translated by Patrick Mensah. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
- Didion, Joan. Slouching Towards Bethlehem. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2008.Google Scholar
- Gago, Veronica. Neoliberalism from Below: Popular Pragmatics and Baroque Economies. Translated by Liz Mason-Reese. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
- García, Ofelia and Angel M.Y. Lin. “Translanguaging in Bilingual Education.” In Bilingual and Multilingual Education (Encyclopedia of Language and Education), edited by Ofelia García, Angel Lin, and Stephan May. New York: Springer, 2016.Google Scholar
- Green, David. “A Call to Linguistic Disobedience.” The American Interest, July 10, 2012. https://www.the-american-interest.com/2012/06/10/a-call-to-linguistic-disobedience/.
- Havel, Václav. The Power of the Powerless: Citizens Against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, edited by John Keane and translated by Paul Wilson. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1985.Google Scholar
- Hill, Jane H. “Mock Spanish: A Site for the Indexical Reproduction of Racism in American English.” Language & Culture, Symposium 2 (1995). http://language-culture.binghamton.edu/symposia/2/part1/index.html.
- Holquist, Michael. “What Would Bakhtin Do?” Critical Multilingualism Studies 2, no. 1 (2014): 6–19.Google Scholar
- Kinsella, John. Peripheral Light. New York: W. W. Norton, 2005.Google Scholar
- Komska, Yuliya and Michelle Moyd. “Language Is a Public Thing.” Lateral 6, no. 2 (2017). http://csalateral.org/issue/6-2/language-public-thing-komska-moyd/.
- Loseff, Lev. On the Beneficence of Censorship: Aesopian Language in Modern Russian Literature. Munich: Otto Sagner, 1984.Google Scholar
- Makoni, Sinfree and Alastair Pennycook. Disinventing and Reconstituting Languages. Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 2006.Google Scholar
- Makoni, Sinfree, Geneva Smitherman, Arnetha F. Ball, and Arthur K. Spears. “Toward Black Linguistics.” In Black Linguistics: Language, Society, and Politics in Africa and the Americas, edited by Arnetha F. Ball, Geneva Smitherman, and Sinfree Makoni. London: Routledge, 2003.Google Scholar
- Marx, Karl. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte. Translated by Daniel De Leon. London: Electric Books, 2001.Google Scholar
- McWhorter, John. Talking Back, Talking Black: Truths About America’s Lingua Franca. New York: Bellevue Literary Press, 2016.Google Scholar
- Moyd, Michelle and Yuliya Komska. “Donald Trump Is Changing Our Language. We Need a Language of Resistance.” The Guardian, January 17, 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jan/17/resist-donald-trump-vocabulary-resistance-rhetoric.
- Pell, Nicholas. “6 Things You Learn Getting Paid to Troll People Online.” Cracked.com, May 27, 2015. http://www.cracked.com/blog/6-things-you-learn-getting-paid-to-troll-people-online/.
- Pomerantsev, Peter. “Jokes and the Death of Narratives.” The American Interest, March 24, 2018. https://www.the-american-interest.com/2018/03/24/jokes-death-narratives/.
- Pomorska, Krystyna. Foreword to Mikhail Bakhtin, Rabelais and His World. Translated by Helene Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.Google Scholar
- Roberts, David. “America Is Facing an Epistemic Crisis.” Vox.com, November 2, 2017. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/11/2/16588964/america-epistemic-crisis.
- Scott, James C. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.Google Scholar
- Stockhammer, Robert. “Converting Lingualism into Linguality (langagification des langues) in Goethe’s Wilhelm Meister Novels.” Translated by Judith Menzl. Critical Multilingualism Studies 5, no. 3 (2017): 32–51.Google Scholar
- Summers, Lawrence. “What You (Really) Need to Know.” The New York Times, January 20, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/22/education/edlife/the-21st-century-education.html.
- Tannen, Deborah. “New York Jewish Conversational Style.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 30 (1981): 133–149.Google Scholar
- Webster, Noah. On the Education of Youth in America. The Federalist Papers Project. https://www.commonlit.org/texts/on-the-education-of-youth-in-america.