The Direct Provision Regime

  • Steven Loyal
  • Stephen Quilley


Introduced in April 2000, Direct Provision and Dispersal (DPD) was a new policy regime designed to manage what was perceived and presented as a burgeoning crisis of asylum seeker immigration. Housed in the Department of Justice, which has historically been responsible for both immigration and security, the asylum process until 2016 enveloped three major administrative bodies: the Office of the Refugee Applications Commissioner (ORAC), which deals with asylum applications; the Refugee Appeals Tribunal (RAT), which dealt with appeals made by asylum seekers concerning their applications; and the Reception and Integration Agency (RIA), which was responsible for housing and maintaining asylum seekers while their applications were processed. Replacing the existing statutory provision with a system of departmental fiat, the DPD involves the coercive dispersal of asylum seekers away from Dublin to regional centres across the country, the replacement of regular welfare (cash) payments with centrally allocated food aid and housing, and the administrative separation of asylum seekers from regular welfare claimants and recipients.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Loyal
    • 1
  • Stephen Quilley
    • 2
  1. 1.University College DublinDublinIreland
  2. 2.University of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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