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Solidarity as Political Action. Crime or Alternative?

  • Óscar García AgustínEmail author
  • Martin Bak Jørgensen
Chapter

Abstract

Solidarity is a political action. It is a deliberate form of resistance against authorities (local, national, and international) and regimes. In the concluding chapter, we argue that solidarity can be unfolded as a crime or an alternative. In the first case, authorities react against acts of solidarity. In the second case, we argue that civil society tries to overcome the constraints of authorities and through infrastructures of dissent develop social and political alternatives and radical imaginaries. On the basis of a theoretical framework outlining solidarity as relational (constituting/constituted by relations and contestation) and spatial (constituting/constituted by space and scale), we conclude on how the three forms of solidarity analyzed in this book (autonomous solidarity—Hotel City Plaza; civic solidarity—Venligboerne; institutional solidarity—Barcelona as Refuge City) offer responses to the ‘refugee crisis’.

Keywords

Criminalization of solidarity Refugee crisis Solidarity as political action Contentious politics Scales Spatialization of solidarity 

References

  1. Ajuntament de Barcelona. 2018. “Saving Lives Is Not a Crime.” Info Barcelona, March 19. https://www.barcelona.cat/infobarcelona/en/saving-lives-is-not-a-crime_630264.html.
  2. Hayes, B., and F. Barat. 2017. “Europe’s Offensive Against Refugee Solidarity.” New Internationalist, November 9. https://newint.org/blog/2017/11/08/europe-offensive-refugee-solidarity.
  3. Palmer, Carlos Garfella. 2018. “Italy Detains Spanish Ship for Rescuing Refugees in Mediterranean.” March 19. https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/03/19/inenglish/1521451743_096188.html.
  4. Pope-Weidemann, M., and S. Dathi. 2016. “The Best Help Comes from Simple, Solidarity Movements.” New Internationalist, April 8. https://newint.org/features/web-exclusive/2016/04/08/interview-with-afghan-refugee-organizer-in-greece.
  5. Reuters. 2017. “Aid Groups Snub Italian Code of Conduct on Mediterranean Rescues.” The Guardian, July 31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/31/aid-groups-snub-italian-code-conduct-mediterranean-rescues.
  6. Robinson, Duncan. 2016. “EU Border Force Flags Concerns Over Charities’ Interaction with Migrant Smugglers.” Financial Times, December 15. https://www.ft.com/content/3e6b6450-c1f7–11e6-9bca-2b93a6856354.
  7. Sánchez, Gabriela. 2017. “Las ONG Responden a Zoido: ‘Creen que dejando morir a miles de refugiados disuadirán a quienes huyen.’” eldiario.es, July 6. https://www.eldiario.es/desalambre/ONG-envian-barcos-rescate-Mediterraneo_0_662134076.html.
  8. Schwarz-Nielsen, Peter. 2016. “Annika vil fortsætte kamp mod ‘vanvittig’ flygtningelov efter frifindelse.” Modkraft, October 12. http://modkraft.dk/artikel/annika-vil-forts-tte-kamp-mod-vanvittig-flygtningelov-efter-frifindelse.
  9. Taylor, Adam. 2015. “Italy Ran an Operation that Saved Thousands of Migrants from Drowning in the Mediterranean. Why Did It Stop?” The Washington Post, April 20. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/04/20/italy-ran-an-operation-that-save-thousands-of-migrants-from-drowning-in-the-mediterranean-why-did-it-stop/?utm_term=.a96a8ca2fbd7.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Óscar García Agustín
    • 1
    Email author
  • Martin Bak Jørgensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Culture and Global StudiesAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Culture and Global StudiesAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

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