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Staging of Esophageal Cancer: Implications for Therapy

  • Jonathan Cools-Lartigue
  • Daniela Molena
  • Hans Gerdes
Chapter

Abstract

Current staging modalities include imaging via computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and histopathologic based staging including endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), and minimally invasive surgical staging. No specific modality is sufficient to accurately stage every patient presenting with esophageal cancer by itself. Accurate staging is critical to formulate an optimal therapeutic strategy needed to achieve favorable outcomes in esophageal cancer patients.

Keywords

Esophageal cancer Staging CT PET-CT Endoscopic ultrasound 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Cools-Lartigue
    • 1
  • Daniela Molena
    • 1
  • Hans Gerdes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Thoracic Surgery ServiceMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and NutritionMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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