Advertisement

The Impact of Climate Change on Radiological Emergencies in Italy: A Case Study in a Nuclear Medicine Department

  • G. M. Contessa
  • M. D’ArienzoEmail author
  • C. Poggi
  • E. Genovese
  • V. Cannatà
  • S. Sandri
Conference paper

Abstract

The global climate is changing, as the earth becomes warmer, and the Mediterranean has been indicated among the regions most sensitive to climate change.

The impact of climate change is more and more burdensome, not only because extreme weather events are increasing in frequency and intensity but also because the severity of the impact depends on the vulnerability of the system. Therefore, the consequences of events such as tornadoes and floods should be considered and managed in hospitals where radioactive substances are held and employed.

In this article two cases of accident due to flooding or heavy rain in a nuclear medicine department are considered.

Keywords

Accidents Handling Exposure Occupational Radiation protection 

References

  1. 1.
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group I contribution to the IPCC fifth assessment report. Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, NY (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ciardini, V., Contessa, G.M., Falsaperla, R., Gómez-Amo, J.L., Meloni, D., Monteleone, F., Pace, G., Piacentino, S., Sferlazzo, D., di Sarra, A.: Global and Mediterranean climate change: a short summary. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita. 52(3), 325–337 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Seneviratne, S.I., et al.: Chapter 3: Changes in climate extremes and their impacts on the natural physical environment. In: Field, C.B, et al. (eds.) SREX: Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. Cambridge University Press (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Contessa, G.M., Grandi, C., Scognamiglio, M., Genovese, E., Sandri, S.: Climate change and safety at work with ionizing radiations. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita. 52(3), 386–396 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): Applying Radiation Safety Standards in Nuclear Medicine. IAEA, Vienna (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Italian Legislative Decree 230/1995 “Attuazione delle direttive 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom in materia di radiazioni ionizzanti” [Implementation of Directives 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom on ionizing radiations] GU 136, 74 (1995)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Contessa, G.M., Guardati, M., D’Arienzo, M., Poggi, C., Sandri, S., D’Auria, M.C., Genovese, E., Cannatà, V.: The impact of climate change on radiological activities in Italy: Safety implications and preventive measures. Eur. Phys. J. Plus 133 (2018). Focus Point on New Technologies Related to Intentional and Accidental Release of CBRNe AgentsGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Martin, C.J.: A survey of incidents in radiology and nuclear medicine in the West of Scotland. Br. J. Radiol. 78, 913–921 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): Nuclear Medicine Physics – A Handbook for Teachers and Students. IAEA, Vienna (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): Generic Procedures for Assessment and Response During a Radiological Emergency. IAEA, Vienna (2000)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Eckerman, K.F., Ryman, J.C.: External Exposure to Radionuclides in Air, Water, and Soil: Exposure-to-Dose Coefficients for General Application, Based on the 1987 Federal Radiation Protection Guidance. US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Contessa
    • 1
  • M. D’Arienzo
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Poggi
    • 1
  • E. Genovese
    • 2
  • V. Cannatà
    • 2
  • S. Sandri
    • 1
  1. 1.ENEARomeItaly
  2. 2.Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino GesùRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations