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Explosion Risks Inside Pharmaceutical, Agro-alimentary and Energetic Industries as a Consequence of Critical Dust Conditions: A Numerical Model to Prevent These Accidents

  • Riccardo Rossi
  • Jean-François Ciparisse
  • Pasquale Gaudio
  • Andrea Malizia
Conference paper

Abstract

The dust explosion is the rapid combustion of dust clouds that happens only in particular condition, described by the dust explosion pentagon. It is one of the most critical safety issues in industrial plants, where there are a large production, mobilization and storage of dust such as pharmaceutical and food industries. This phenomenon causes every year about 2000 explosions, and many are the accidents that have involved injuries and deaths. Therefore, it is clear the importance of developing new methods and technologies to prevent and mitigate this kind of accidents. This work shows how computational fluid dynamics can help in dust explosion prevention. A multiphase numerical simulation of a wheat silo is taken into account. During the filling of a silo, there is a temporal interval where the dust concentration reaches the explosibility range. Therefore, the authors evaluate where and when the silos may explode.

Keywords

Dust explosion Industrial safety CFD 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riccardo Rossi
    • 1
  • Jean-François Ciparisse
    • 1
  • Pasquale Gaudio
    • 1
  • Andrea Malizia
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biomedicine and PreventionUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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