The Potentiality of Improvised Explosive Devices to Trigger Domino Effects

  • Ernesto SalzanoEmail author
  • Valerio Cozzani
Conference paper


The effect of improvised explosive devices (IED) when used in direct attacks towards individuals may be dramatic. Besides, large uncertainties and few tools are available for the analysis of IED when maliciously used against critical infrastructures or industrial equipment containing large amount of hazardous substances, such as gas pipelines, storage tanks or other equipment, aiming at domino effects. Indeed, the shock waves produced by even large amount of IED cannot be directly analysed by the net equivalent charge of TNT calculated on pure substance or mixtures, because the efficiency of home-made explosives is extremely variable and depends on many often uncontrolled factors, including deterioration. This work analyses the potentiality of low-energetic explosives in causing accident escalation sequences and severe effects on industrial assets.


Improvised explosive device Domino effect Security Home-made explosive TNT 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Chimica, Ambientale e dei MaterialiAlma Mater Studiorum – Università di BolognaBolognaItaly

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