First Measurement Using COUNTERFOG Device: Chemical Warfare Agent Scenario

  • Laura Pascual
  • Marta Fernández
  • José Antonio Dominguez
  • Luis Jesús Amigo
  • Karel Mazanec
  • José Luis Pérez
  • Javier QuiñonesEmail author
Conference paper


Nowadays, the threat of a terrorist attack with CBRNE (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive) agents is very real, as can be seen in the increasing appearance of news related to the use of CWA (chemical warfare agent) in criminal acts. In light of these new threats, there are no countermeasures available that can respond quickly and automatically to mitigate the consequences. Therefore, the need arises to develop new countermeasure systems that will act against CBRNE agents.

In this context, the COUNTERFOG project is proposed as a countermeasure system based on the generation of a fog interacting and counteracting the effects of a dispersion of CBRNE in large public buildings. To increase the effectiveness of the system, depending on the agent, different additives are combined with fog. Additionally, the work presented considers the use of metal oxide nanoparticles and its effect on cleaning an atmosphere contaminated with a CWA surrogates. The COUNTERFOG system helps the subsequent physical deposition of the nanoparticles with the contaminant adsorbed. To assess the influence of the fog and of the nanoparticles, a comprehensive experimental procedure has been developed.


CWA CBRNE Fog Nanoparticles Decontamination 



This research has been funded by the COUNTERFOG project no. 312804 7th Framework Program of the European Commission.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Pascual
    • 1
  • Marta Fernández
    • 1
  • José Antonio Dominguez
    • 1
  • Luis Jesús Amigo
    • 1
  • Karel Mazanec
    • 2
  • José Luis Pérez
    • 3
  • Javier Quiñones
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.CIEMATMadridSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Inorganic ChemistryŘežCzech Republic
  3. 3.UAH, Alcalá de HenaresMadridSpain

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