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Directional Diffusion Filter Bank and Texture Quality Measurement for Robust Orientation Estimation and Enhancement of Fingerprint Images

  • Hong Liu
  • Chao Yang
  • Zengmei Lan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 506)

Abstract

Fingerprint enhancement and orientation field estimation are two of the core algorithms of fingerprint preprocessing. Performance of existing methods is usually poor for low-quality fingerprint images. This paper proposes to use a directional diffusion filter bank so that any local region of a fingerprint image can be always effectively enhanced by a filter of an optimal direction. A final enhanced image is obtained by selecting optimally enhanced pixels from the filter bank according to a local quality measurement based on a spectrum analysis, and at the same time, an orientation field is given by the selected filter for each pixel. Experiments show that the algorithm is superior to the existing methods and robust for images of poor quality.

Keywords

Fingerprint orientation field estimation Fingerprint enhancement Spectrum analysis Directional diffusion filter bank Quality measurement 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is partially supported by the Doctoral Fund of Guangxi University of Science and Technology (14Z12); Scientific Fund of Guangxi University of Science and Technology (174522); Scientific Fund of Guangxi University of Science and Technology (20161309); the Basic Ability Improvement Project of Young and Middle-aged Teachers in Guangxi Colleges and Universities (2017KY0359); the Basic Ability Improvement Project of Young and Middle-aged Teachers in Guangxi Colleges and Universities (2017KY036);

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Liu
    • 1
  • Chao Yang
    • 1
  • Zengmei Lan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and Communication EngineeringGuangxi University of Science and TechnologyLiuZhouPeople’s Republic of China

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