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Chronic Daily Headache Classification

  • Maggie W. Waung
  • Morris Levin
Chapter

Abstract

Chronic daily headache affects approximately 3–5% of the population (Scher et al., Headache 38(7):497–506, 1998; Castillo et al., Headache 39(3):190–196, 1999; Stovner et al., Cephalalgia 27(3):193–210, 2007), extracting significant morbidity and healthcare costs. Despite the highly negative impact of chronic daily headache on global health, relatively little is understood about the underlying mechanisms of headache chronification and maintenance. The limited mechanistic understanding of long-standing headache poses significant challenges to the classification and diagnosis of chronic headache. This chapter discusses goals and pitfalls of headache classification, provides a brief history of chronic daily headache classification, and summarizes the current knowledge of the major chronic daily headache categories. Chronic headaches of long duration will be presented, with attention given to chronic daily headache in children and the elderly.

Keywords

Chronic daily headache (CDH) International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) Chronic migraine (CM) Chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) Chronic cluster headache Hemicrania continua (HC) New daily persistent headache (NDPH) Medication-overuse headache (MOH) Chronic posttraumatic headache Refractory headache 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurology, UCSF Headache CenterUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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