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Alectinib

  • M. Herden
  • Cornelius F. Waller
Chapter
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 211)

Abstract

Alectinib is an ATP-competitive small molecule and a second-generation inhibitor of ALK. EML4-ALK rearrangement is found in 3–5% of patients with NSCLC. The first-generation inhibitor crizotinib has changed the treatment dramatically, though most of the patients show disease progression within one year. Extra-thoracic progress, i.e., CNS metastases is common. The second-generation inhibitor alectinib has shown significant improvement in PFS and a remarkable prolongation of time to CNS progression. Alectinib has received approval as first-line therapy as well as second-line therapy after crizotinib failure. The toxicity profile is favorable compared to crizotinib and chemotherapy.

Keywords

Alectinib EML4-ALK ALK-inhibitor NSCLC CNS metasteses 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Haematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Centre Freiburg, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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