Advertisement

The Intimacy of Infrastructure: Vulnerability and Abjection in Palestinian Jerusalem

  • Hanna Baumann
Chapter

Abstract

Colonial infrastructures can serve to appropriate territory, but they just as often exclude populations from access to resources. While the disruption of urban utility lines has been examined as a strategic aspect of warfare and planning, this chapter highlights the intimate manners in which infrastructural violence is experienced by Palestinians in and around Jerusalem. Using the work of Palestinian visual artist Khaled Jarrar, as well as findings from on-site research, it highlights the embodied and affective impact of violent infrastructures, focusing in particular on the Israeli Separation Wall. Where most accounts view the role of infrastructure in Israel/Palestine in terms of geopolitics or military strategy, the chapter shows how cultural engagements with their personal, embodied, and symbolic effects can help us understand infrastructural violence better. We find in these intimate effects an integral aspect of how this planned violence operates.

Works Cited

  1. ACRI. (2011). ‘Jerusalem Municipality Is Responsible for Its Residents Beyond the Barrier’, 15 December 2011.Google Scholar
  2. ———. (2014). Concerns of Excessive Use of Skunk Spray in East Jerusalem. Online Source: www.acri.org.il/en/2014/08/10/skunk-ej/. Accessed 5 April 2016.Google Scholar
  3. ———. (2015). ‘East Jerusalem 2015: Facts and Figures. Jerusalem: Association for Civil Rights in Israel’, 12 May 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Amiry, S. (2010) Nothing to Lose but Your Life: An 18-Hour Journey with Murad. Doha: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Azoulay, A. & Ophir, A. (2013). The One-State Condition: Occupation and Democracy in Israel/Palestine. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Baumann, H. (2016). ‘Enclaves, Borders, and Everyday Movements: Palestinian Marginal Mobility in East Jerusalem’. Cities, 59, pp. 173–182.Google Scholar
  7. ———. (forthcoming). ‘Infrastructural Violence in Jerusalem: Exclusion, Incorporation and Resistance in a Contested “Cyborg City”’. In Navaro, Y., Biner, Z. O. Z., Von Bieberstein, A. & Altuğ, S., eds., Reverberations: Violence across Time and Space. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  8. Boehmer, E. & Davies, D. (2015). ‘Literature, Planning and Infrastructure: Investigating the Southern City through Postcolonial Texts’. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 51(4), pp. 395–409.Google Scholar
  9. Brown, W. (2010). Walled States, Waning Sovereignty. New York: Zone Books.Google Scholar
  10. Busbridge, R. (2013). ‘Performing Colonial Sovereignty and the Israeli “Separation” Wall’. Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 19(5), pp. 653–669.Google Scholar
  11. Butler, J. (2009). Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso.Google Scholar
  12. ———. (2016). ‘Rethinking Vulnerability and Resistance’. In Butler, J., Gambetti, Z. & Sabsay, L., eds., Vulnerability in Resistance. North Carolina: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Campbell, S., Meynell, L. & Sherwin, S., eds. (2009). Embodiment and Agency. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania State University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cohen, S. (1985). Visions of Social Control: Crime, Punishment and Classification. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  15. Cresswell, T. (1996). In Place/out of Place: Geography, Ideology and Transgression. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  16. De Certeau, M. (1984). The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  17. Douglas, M. (2002) [1966]. Purity and Danger. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Dumper, M. (2014). Jerusalem Unbound: Geography, History, and the Future of the Holy City. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Edwards, P. (2006). ‘The Tyranny of Proximity: Power and Mobility in Colonial Cambodia, 1863–1954’. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 37(3), pp. 421–443.Google Scholar
  20. Edwards, P. N. (2003). ‘Infrastructure and Modernity: Force, Time, and Social Organization in the History of Sociotechnical Systems’. In Misa, T. J., Brey, P. & Feenberg, A., eds. Modernity and Technology. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  21. Foucault, M. (2007). Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the College De France, 1977–78. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  22. Freed, L. (2010). ‘Networks of (Colonial) Power: Roads in French Central Africa after World War I’. History and Technology: An International Journal, 26(3), pp. 203–223.Google Scholar
  23. Galtung, J. (1969). ‘Violence, Peace, and Peace Research’. Journal of Peace Research, 6(3), pp. 167–191.Google Scholar
  24. Gandy, M. (2005). ‘Cyborg Urbanization: Complexity and Monstrosity in the Contemporary City’. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29(1), pp. 26–49.Google Scholar
  25. Goldenberg, S. (2006). ‘Bush Threatened to Bomb Pakistan, Says Musharraf’. The Guardian, 22 September 2006.Google Scholar
  26. Graham, S. (2002). ‘Bulldozers and Bombs: The Latest Palestinian–Israeli Conflict as Asymmetric Urbicide’. Antipode, 34(4), pp. 642–649.Google Scholar
  27. ———. (2005). ‘Urban Metabolism as Target: Contemporary War as Forced Demodernization’. In Swyngedouw, E., Heynen, N. & Kaika, M., eds., In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. ———. (2010). ‘Disruption by Design: Urban Infrastructure and Political Violence’. In Graham, S., ed., Disrupted Cities: When Infrastructure Fails. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Gray, N. & Mooney, G. (2011). ‘Glasgow’s New Urban Frontier: “Civilising” the Population of “Glasgow East”’. City, 15(1), pp. 4–24.Google Scholar
  30. Harker, C. (2014). ‘The Ambiguities of Cohabitation’. Area, 46(4), pp. 355–356.Google Scholar
  31. Harvey, D. (2008). ‘The Right to the City’. New Left Review, 53, pp. 23–40.Google Scholar
  32. Hasson, N. (2010). ‘Jerusalem Official: Areas East of the Fence Not Part of the City’, Ha’aretz, 8 January 2010.Google Scholar
  33. Ir Amim (2014). ‘Jerusalem Municipality Budget Analysis for 2013: Share of Investment in East Jerusalem’. Jerusalem: Ir Amim.Google Scholar
  34. Jabary Salamanca, O. (2011). ‘Unplug and Play: Manufacturing Collapse in Gaza’. Human Geography, 4(1), pp. 1–16.Google Scholar
  35. ———.(2015). ‘Road 443: Cementing Dispossession, Normalizing Segregation and Disrupting Everyday Life in Palestine’. In McFarlane, C. & Graham, S., eds., Infrastructural Lives: Infrastructure in Context. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  36. Kaika, M. & Swyngedouw, E. (2000). ‘Fetishising the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks’. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24(1), pp. 122–48.Google Scholar
  37. Kristeva, J. (1982). Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Larkin, B. (2013). ‘The Politics and Poetics of Infrastructure’. Annual Review of Anthropology, 42(1), pp. 327–43.Google Scholar
  39. LeVine, M. (2005). Overthrowing Geography: Jaffa, Tel Aviv, and the Struggle for Palestine, 1880–1948. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  40. Margalit, M. (2003). Chronic Discrimination in East Jerusalem: Evidence from the Municipal Budget. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Center for Social & Economic Rights.Google Scholar
  41. ——— (2006). Discrimination in the Heart of the Holy City. Jerusalem: The International Peace and Cooperation Centre.Google Scholar
  42. Marshall, D. J. (2014). ‘Love Stories of the Occupation: Storytelling and the Counter-Geopolitics of Intimacy’. Area, 46(4), pp. 349–351.Google Scholar
  43. Masquelier, A. (2002). ‘Road Mythographies: Space, Mobility, and the Historical Imagination in Postcolonial Niger’. American Ethnologist, 29(4), pp. 829–856.Google Scholar
  44. Mountz, A. & Hyndman, J. (2006). ‘Feminist Approaches to the Global Intimate’. Women’s Studies Quarterly, 34(1/2), pp. 446–463.Google Scholar
  45. Netz, R. (2004). Barbed Wire: An Ecology of Modernity. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Nightingale, C. H. (2012). Segregation: A Global History of Divided Cities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pain, R. & Staeheli, L. (2014). ‘Introduction: Intimacy-Geopolitics and Violence’. Area, 46(4), pp. 344–347.Google Scholar
  48. Pullan, W. (2013). ‘Spatial Discontinuities: Conflict Infrastructures in Contested Cities’. In Pullan, W. & Baillie, B., eds., Locating Urban Conflicts: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and the Everyday. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ravid, B. (2015). ‘Netanyahu Mulls Revoking Residency of Palestinians Beyond E. Jerusalem Separation Barrier’. Ha’aretz, 25 October 2015.Google Scholar
  50. Rodgers, D. & O’Neill, B. (2012). ‘Infrastructural Violence: Introduction to the Special Issue’. Ethnography, 13(4), pp. 401–412.Google Scholar
  51. Rotbard, S. (2015). White City, Black City: Architecture and War in Tel Aviv and Jaffa. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  52. Roy, A. (2004). ‘Transnational Trespassings: The Geopolitics of Urban Informality’. In Roy, A. & Alsayyad, N., eds. Urban Informality: Transnational Perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America and South Asia. Lanham: Lexington BooksGoogle Scholar
  53. Sennett, R. (1994). Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization. New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  54. Shalhoub-Kevorkian, N. (2010). ‘Palestinian Women and the Politics of Invisibility: Towards a Feminist Methodology’. Peace Prints: South Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, 3(1), pp. 1–21.Google Scholar
  55. Shamir, R. (2013). Current Flow: The Electrification of Palestine. Stanford: Stanford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sibley, D. (1988). ‘Survey 13: Purification of Space’. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 6(4), pp. 409–421.Google Scholar
  57. Simone, A. (2004). ‘People as Infrastructure: Intersecting Fragments in Johannesburg’. Public Culture, 16(3), pp. 407–429.Google Scholar
  58. Stallybrass, P. & White, A. (1986). The Politics and Poetics of Transgression. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Stedman Jones, G. (2014) [1971]. Outcast London: A Study in the Relationship between Classes in Victorian Society. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  60. Swyngedouw, E. (2006). ‘Metabolic Urbanization: The Making of Cyborg Cities’. In Heynen, N., Kaika, M. & Swyngedouw, E., eds., In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  61. Tan, Q. H. (2013). ‘Smell in the City: Smoking and Olfactory Politics’. Urban Studies, 50(1), pp. 55–71.Google Scholar
  62. UN OCHA. (2013). ‘The Humanitarian Impact of the West Bank Barrier on Palestinian Communities: East Jerusalem’. Factsheet, July 2013. Jerusalem: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, occupied Palestinian territory.Google Scholar
  63. Weizman, E. (2007). Hollow Land: Israel’s Architecture of Occupation. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  64. Wilcox, L. B. (2015). Bodies of Violence: Theorizing Embodied Subjects in International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wilson, A. (2016). ‘The Infrastructure of Intimacy’. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 41(2), pp. 247–280.Google Scholar
  66. Wolfe, P. (2006). ‘Settler Colonialism and the Elimination of the Native’. Journal of Genocide Research, 8(4), pp. 387–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations