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Invasive Species in the Sundarbans Coastal Zone (Bangladesh) in Times of Climate Change: Chances and Threats

  • Shafi Noor IslamEmail author
  • Sandra Reinstädtler
  • Albrecht Gnauck
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 29)

Abstract

The Sundarbans mangrove forests, wetlands and their native as well as invasive plant species are lying within the Bangladesh coastal region, which is gifted with vast natural resources, a delta, tidal flat, mangrove forests, marches, lagoons, bars, spilt, estuaries and coastal ecological environment. These habitats, biotopes and ecosystems also serve as habitat for especially four dominant tree species of the Sundarbans, the Sundri (Heritiera fomes), Gewa (Excoecaria agallocha), (Ceriops decandra) and (Sonneratia apetala). But the existence of these and many more native species is endangered. The Sundarbans species are threatened by various natural and anthropogenic pressures including climate change. So the native species are approximately decreasing significantly by the year 2100 due to sea level rise (88 cm) in the Sundarbans area compared to the year 2001.There 23 invasive species, which belong to 18 families and 23 genera. These species are highly invasive, six species are moderately invasive and the remaining are potentially invasive. From the 23 invasive species only four are exotic or alien. The disturbances may arrest succession at any stage and contribute to the biological invasion of invasive plants. The within these biodiversity hotspots and vast natural or coastal water resources lying potential for communities survival and 36.8 million dependent people are some of the strongly pending managing demands next to existing Natural World Heritage Sites’ already existing protective management support to be discussed in this chapter. As with the coastal natural resources drastically reduction due to unplanned use by community and stakeholders, also the Sundarbans mangrove forests, wetlands and their species are vastly affected through these developments and the most important observation for vulnerability aspects and maximum possible amplitudes is coming up, which has been investigated in within this research and chapter. Also the present situation stated that an integrated natural resource management plan is necessary for the protection of the mangrove coastal ecosystem.

The chapter is prepared based on primary and secondary data sources. The objectives of this study are to analyze the present coastal mangrove plant species natural resources management status. The study seeks the deltaic Sundarbans Region with its natural world heritage site and mangrove forests, wetlands plant species development and management strategies for ensuring less vulnerability and a sustainable development of coastal mangrove resources in Ganges-Brahmaputra Rivers deltaic coastal floodplain region in Bangladesh.

Keywords

Invasive plant species Ecosystem services Mangrove Coastal wetland Climate change Sea level rise Degradation and management Sundarbans Bangladesh 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shafi Noor Islam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sandra Reinstädtler
    • 2
  • Albrecht Gnauck
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geographical and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)Universiti Brunei DarussalamBandar Seri BegawanBrunei Darussalam
  2. 2.Brandenburg University of TechnologyCottbus-SenftenbergGermany

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