Feature Extraction in Subject Classification of Text Documents in Polish

  • Tomasz WalkowiakEmail author
  • Szymon Datko
  • Henryk Maciejewski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10842)


In this work we evaluate two different methods for deriving features for a subject classification of text documents. The first method uses the standard Bag-of-Words (BoW) approach, which represents the documents with vectors of frequencies of selected terms appearing in the documents. This method heavily relies on the natural language processing (NLP) tools to properly preprocess text in the grammar- and inflection-conscious way. The second approach is based on the word-embedding technique recently proposed by Mikolov and does not require any NLP preprocessing. In this method the words are represented as vectors in continuous space and this representation of words is used to construct the feature vectors of the documents. We evaluate these fundamentally different approaches in the task of classification of Polish language Wikipedia articles with 34 subject areas. Our study suggests that the word-embedding based features seem to outperform the standard NLP-based features providing sufficiently large training dataset is available.


Text mining Subject classification Bag of words Word embedding fastText 



This work was sponsored by National Science Centre, Poland (grant 2016/21/B/ST6/02159).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomasz Walkowiak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Szymon Datko
    • 1
  • Henryk Maciejewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ElectronicsWrocław University of Science and TechnologyWrocławPoland

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