Management of Airway Stenosis in the Lung Allograft: Bronchoscopy Procedures

  • Hardeep Singh Kalsi
  • Martin R. CarbyEmail author


Management of airway complications is an increasingly important field in lung transplantation. While the incidence may be variable, the subsequent sequelae and potential problems which may occur downstream can have significant effects on an individual’s long-term prognosis. This chapter explores airway stenosis in lung transplant recipients, elaborating on clinical presentation, assessment and evaluation of disease, and interventional bronchoscopic methods available which are presently used in clinical practice.


Airway complications Bronchial stenosis and strictures Bronchoscopic interventions Balloon dilatation Cryotherapy Endobronchial stents 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Transplant UnitHarefield Hospital, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Cardiothoracic TransplantationHarefield HospitalHarefieldUK

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