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Nano-carbon: Plant Growth Promotion and Protection

  • Mohamed A. Mohamed
  • Ayat F. Hashim
  • Mousa A. Alghuthaymi
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) such as fullerenes, carbon nanoparticles, fullerol, single-walled carbon nanotubes/multi-walled carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanohorns, among others, have been in used in agriculture showing positive and adverse effects. Researchers reported both positive and negative effects of carbon nanomaterials on plant system. Some nanoparticles improved the seed germination and stimulated growth parameters in some plants; however, some produced contradictory effects on others. In the current chapter, both positive and negative effects of different CNMs on different plant species were reported. However, this chapter covers the plausible role of carbon-based nanomaterials that can be useful for the delivery of nucleic acid, pesticides, and fertilizers to plants, wastewater treatment, suppression of plant diseases caused by pathogens, and sensing of critical plant molecules with a high level of sensitivity. Carbon nanotubes for the construction of electrochemical sensors dedicated to the environmental monitoring of pesticides are also discussed. The future prospect of carbon nanomaterials is fairly bright as it is a low-cost solution to increase crop promotion and plant protection.

Keywords

Carbon nanomaterials Fullerenes Graphene Carbon nanotubes Gene delivery Seed germination Phytotoxicity 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was supported by the Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF), Joint Egypt (STDF)-South Africa (NRF) Scientific Cooperation, Grant ID. 27837, to Kamel Abd-Elsalam. Also, this research was partly supported by the International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, Sweden, through a grant to Dr. Hashim Ayat (F5853).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed A. Mohamed
    • 1
  • Ayat F. Hashim
    • 2
  • Mousa A. Alghuthaymi
    • 3
  • Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (ARC)GizaEgypt
  2. 2.Food industries and Nutrition DivisionNational Research CenterGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Science and Humanities CollegeShaqra UniversityAlquwayiyahSaudi Arabia

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