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T1 Mapping in Cardiomyopathy from Cancer Treatment

  • Jennifer H. Jordan
  • W. Gregory Hundley
Chapter

Abstract

Cancer survivorship rates are increasing globally and survivors are now faced with an increased likelihood of comorbidities associated with advancing age and side effects from cancer treatment. Cardio-oncology is an emerging clinical discipline that explores the relationship between cardiovascular disease and cancer treatment. Mounting evidence acquired over the past 20 years highlight an increasing occurrence of cardiovascular events among cancer survivors that threatens to offset gains recognized in cancer treatment such that overall cancer survivorship is threatened. To understand the mechanisms by which cancer and its treatment promote cardiovascular dysfunction and cardiovascular events, recent research has focused on the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) tissue characterization using T1 mapping. This technique can provide assessments of the left ventricular (LV) myocardium before, during, and after cancer treatment. This chapter reviews the results published to date using CMR T1 mapping in patients treated for cancer with the goal of gaining understanding of subclinical cardiovascular disease that impacts cancer survivors’ quality of life and survival.

Keywords

Cardio-oncology Cardiotoxicity T1 mapping Extracellular volume ECV mapping Myocardial fibrosis Myocardial injury 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineSection on Cardiovascular Medicine, Wake Forest School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA

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