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Optimal Resource Allocation for HIV Prevention and Control

  • Dmitry Gromov
  • Ingo Bulla
  • Ethan O. Romero-Severson
Chapter

Abstract

When dealing with economically and socially significant infectious diseases, in particular AIDS and tuberculosis, the central problem is to optimally distribute the limited resources among different treatment and prophylaxis programs. The main difficulty in doing so is that while the individual-level effect of these interventions can be determined using controlled trials, their effectiveness as public health interventions cannot be ascertained with certainty. This is due to the fact that affected populations are different not only in terms of the disease transmission dynamics, but also in the efficacy of available instruments given a specific population structure. Identifying the optimal strategy of resource allocation must be based on a (dynamic) model of the underlying medical, biological, and social processes that captures the relevant features of the population.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/OID/NCHHSTP/DSTDP, Department of Health and Human Services, under Interagency Agreement No. 17FED1710397.

Dmitry Gromov thanks to the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) for partial support of living expenses in Moscow, during the 17th BIOMAT International Symposium, October 29–November 04, 2017.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitry Gromov
    • 1
  • Ingo Bulla
    • 2
  • Ethan O. Romero-Severson
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control ProcessesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institut für Mathematik und InformatikUniversität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  3. 3.Theoretical Biology and Biophysics GroupLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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