Cellular Organization of the Gastrointestinal Tract

  • Menizibeya Osain WelcomeEmail author


The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is composed of basic tissue types (epithelia, connective, blood, lymphatic, muscle, and nerve tissue) formed from different structural and functional units that determine fundamental life processes. This chapter provides detailed and contemporary information on the structural and functional characteristics of the cells that constitute the GI tract.


Gut cells Epithelial cells GI epithelial cells Absorptive columnar enterocyte Mucin-secreting Enteroendocrine or neuroendocrine cells Epithelial enteroimmune response cells GI epithelial cellular network Structure and function Cellular and molecular basis of function Plasma membrane Cell Cytoplasm Organelles Polarity 





ATP-binding cassette




Adenosine triphosphate


Binding immunoglobulin protein




Coat protein complex


Derivatives of arachidonic acid


Docosahexaenoic acid


Deoxyribonucleic acid


Enterochromaffin cell


Endoplasmic reticulum


Ezrin, radixin, moesin




Gastric inhibitory peptide

GLP-1 and GLP-2

Glucagon-like peptide 1 & 2


Glucose transporter type 1


Ganglioside monosialic type 2




Guanosine triphosphate


Long noncoding RNAs




Messenger RNA


Multidrug resistance-associated protein


Mitochondrial DNA


Microtubule organizing center


N-acetylneuraminic acid


Noncoding RNA










Peptide YY


Membrane resistance


Ribonucleic acid


Ribosomal RNA


Small nuclear RNA


Transfer RNA


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical SciencesCollege of Health Sciences, Nile University of NigeriaFCT-AbujaNigeria

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