Advertisement

The Relationship Between Violence, Antisocial Personality Disorder and Psychopathy

  • Tia Hoffer
  • Holly Hargreaves-Cormany
  • Yvonne Muirhead
  • J Reid Meloy
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)

Abstract

This section discusses the pattern of behaviors that may indicate an individual meets the criteria for antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Although psychopathy is not a formal diagnosis, the lack of remorse, narcissism and low autonomic arousal may indicate overlapping symptoms and behaviors with ASPD, and only 14–25% of people diagnosed with ASPD meet the criteria of psychopathy. The section also examines the similarities between predatory violence and psychopathy.

Keywords

Antisocial personality disorder Psychopathy Affective violence Predatory violence Domestic violence Borderline personality disorder Depression Conduct disorder Narcissism Arousal Remorse Impulsivity Deviance 

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Babiak, P., & Hare, R. D. (2006). Snakes in suits: When psychopaths go to work. New York: Regan Books.Google Scholar
  3. Blair, J., Mitchell, D., & Blair, K. (2005). The psychopath: Emotion and the brain. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Frick, P. J., Lilienfeld, S. O., Ellis, M., Loney, B., & Silverthorn, P. (1999). The association between anxiety and psychopathy dimensions in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27(5), 383–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hare, R. D. (1991). The Hare psychopathy checklist-revised: Manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems, Incorporated.Google Scholar
  6. Hare, R. D. (1993). Without conscience: The disturbing world of the psychopaths among us. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hare, R. D. (1996a). Psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder: A case of diagnostic confusion. Psychiatric Times, 13(2), 39–40.Google Scholar
  8. Hare, R. D. (1996b). Psychopathy a clinical construct whose time has come. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23(1), 25–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hare, R. D. (1999). Psychopathy as a risk factor for violence. Psychiatric Quarterly, 70(3), 181–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hare, R. D. (2003). Manual for the Hare psychopathy checklist- revised (2nd ed.). Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
  11. Jaffe, P., Wolfe, D., Wilson, S., & Zak, L. (1986). Similarities in behavioral and social maladjustment among child victims and witnesses to family violence. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56(1), 142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lykken, D. T. (1957). A study of anxiety in the sociopathic personality. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55(1), 6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Meloy, J. (2006). Empirical basis and forensic application of affective and predatory violence. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40(6), 539–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Murrell, A. R., Christoff, K. A., & Henning, K. R. (2007). Characteristics of domestic violence offenders: Associations with childhood exposure to violence. Journal of Family Violence, 22(7), 523–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Patrick, C. J. (1994). Emotion and psychopathy: Startling new insights. Psychophysiology, 31(4), 319–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Verona, E., Patrick, C. J., & Joiner, T. E. (2001). Psychopathy, antisocial personality, and suicide risk. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(3), 462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Woodworth, M., & Porter, S. (2002). In cold blood: Characteristics of criminal homicides as a function of psychopathy. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(3), 436–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tia Hoffer
    • 1
  • Holly Hargreaves-Cormany
    • 2
  • Yvonne Muirhead
    • 3
  • J Reid Meloy
    • 4
  1. 1.Federal Bureau of InvestigationKapoleiUSA
  2. 2.Marymount UniversityArlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Federal Bureau of InvestigationSan AntonioUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations