Predicting Risk of Animal Cruelty and Other Violence

  • Tia Hoffer
  • Holly Hargreaves-Cormany
  • Yvonne Muirhead
  • J Reid Meloy
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


This section presented studies that support the contention that evaluating the animal cruelty incident could be used to predict future violence toward humans. Kellert and Felthous (Hum Relat 38:1113–1129, 1985) indicated that direct engagement in animal cruelty, evidence of a lack of restraint, no remorse, multiple animal cruelty acts and multiple species, along with indicators that the animal cruelty was more planned and predatory in nature could indicate greater dangerousness.


Predicting risk Direct engagement Animal cruelty Assessing dangerousness Multiple acts Animal cruelty committed Type of animal targeted Offender’s response Children and Animal Assessment Questionnaire (CAAI) Intimate partner violence 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tia Hoffer
    • 1
  • Holly Hargreaves-Cormany
    • 2
  • Yvonne Muirhead
    • 3
  • J Reid Meloy
    • 4
  1. 1.Federal Bureau of InvestigationKapoleiUSA
  2. 2.Marymount UniversityArlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Federal Bureau of InvestigationSan AntonioUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA

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