Description of the Problem of Animal Cruelty and Its Association with Interpersonal Violence

  • Tia Hoffer
  • Holly Hargreaves-Cormany
  • Yvonne Muirhead
  • J Reid Meloy
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


The importance of the link between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence was presented and indicated the importance of collaboration between law enforcement, animal control, legal, medical, veterinary, and mental health professionals. The section also summarized the “violence graduation hypothesis,” which was based on the McDonald triad as compared to the “deviance generalization hypothesis,” which posits that one form of social deviance can lead to other forms of social deviance. In addition, it is important to note that the link is a not a simple causal or correlational relationship.


The link Trajectory of antisocial behavior Violence graduation hypothesis Triad Deviance generalization hypothesis 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tia Hoffer
    • 1
  • Holly Hargreaves-Cormany
    • 2
  • Yvonne Muirhead
    • 3
  • J Reid Meloy
    • 4
  1. 1.Federal Bureau of InvestigationKapoleiUSA
  2. 2.Marymount UniversityArlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Federal Bureau of InvestigationSan AntonioUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA

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