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Physiological Changes During Pregnancy: Main Adaptations, Discomforts, and Implications for Physical Activity and Exercise

  • María Perales
  • Taniya Singh Nagpal
  • Ruben Barakat
Chapter

Abstract

Almost the entire female body naturally modifies and changes during pregnancy, and in many cases these modifications occur normally; however there may be imbalances that occur that can cause complications or pathologies.

In fact, pregnancy is known as the most changing period in a human life as there is no other time that produces the same quantity and quality of bodily modifications. Due to the varied changes the body experiences, pregnancy and childbirth can determine the future well-being of the mother and her child.

The pregnant body must work for 40 weeks to achieve adequate fetal growth and development, and this causes a constant effort to maintain balance in all organs and systems. In summary, due to the many modifications that occur during pregnancy, exercise during pregnancy should be given unique and special considerations when compared to nonpregnant populations. However from a scientific point of view, none of these modifications contradicts exercise in healthy pregnant women without obstetric contraindications.

Keywords

Pregnancy Physiology Cardiovascular Hematologic Metabolic Physical activity Exercise 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Perales
    • 1
    • 2
  • Taniya Singh Nagpal
    • 3
  • Ruben Barakat
    • 4
  1. 1.University Camilo José CelaMadridSpain
  2. 2.Research Institute Hospital 12 de Octubre (‘i+12’)MadridSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Health ScienceUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  4. 4.Faculty of Sciences for Physical Activity and SportTechnical University of MadridMadridSpain

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