Advertisement

Popper’s Conception of Scientific Discovery and Its Relation to the Community of Science

  • H. T. Wilson
Chapter

Abstract

Popper’s view of scientific activity appears to take its social and communitarian features largely for granted. Rather than making this inter-subjectivity the basic problematic in his work, he wanted to move beyond language without, however, foreclosing the possibility that communication may often be a source of confusion in research and related scientific activity. Popper feared that the study of science, no less than scientific activity itself, may be led astray by an overly reflexive approach and focus (Popper, The Poverty of Historicism. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1957, pp. 135–6, 142, 148–9). There are aspects of his views on this matter which bear a considerable resemblance to Bacon, even though Popper is clearly a Cartesian deductivist rather than a Baconian inductivist, for reasons that become apparent in The Logic of Scientific Discovery. According to Popper, no such practice or method of discovery exists, either in science or anywhere else (Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Hutchinson, London, 1959, pp. 27–48ff).

References

  1. Ayer, Alfred J. 1936. Language, Truth and Logic. London: Victor Gollancz.Google Scholar
  2. Bunge, Mario. 1966. Technology as Applied Science. Technology and Culture 7: 329–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cahnman, Werner. 1964. Max Weber and the Methodological Controversy. In Sociology and History, ed. Werner Cahnman and Alan Boskoff. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Kuhn, Thomas S. 1963. The Function of Dogma in Scientific Research. In Scientific Change, ed. A.C. Crombie, 347–369. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 1970a [1962]. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 1970b. Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research? In Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, ed. Imre Lakatos and Alan Musgrave. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Lenin, Vladimir I. 1932 [1916]. State and Revolution. New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Marcuse, Herbert. 1973. Karl Popper and the Problem of Historical Laws. In Studies in Critical Philosophy, 191–209. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  9. Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Popper, Karl R. 1945. The Open Society and Its Enemies. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 1957. The Poverty of Historicism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 1959 [1934]. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 1963. Conjectures and Refutations. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 1972. Objective Knowledge. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Toulmin, Stephen. 1972. Human Understanding. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Weber, Max. 1946. Science as a Vocation. In From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, ed. Hans Gerth and C. Wright Mills, 129–156. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 1978. Economics and Society, Volume I. Edited by Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  18. Wilson, H.T. 1991. Marx’s Critical/Dialectical Procedure. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Wolin, Sheldon. 1968. Paradigms and Political Theories. In Politics and Experience, ed. Preston King and B.C. Parekh. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Ziman, John. 1968. Public Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Professor of Public Policy & Public Law, Program Evaluation & Policy AnalysisYork UniversityTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations