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Apparel

  • Michael Stachowitsch
Chapter

Abstract

It’s simple anatomy and mathematics: there will always be more clothing items than people on beaches especially since beach visits mean taking most of it off. Wind, digestive accidents, surf, offshore industries – there are many reasons why apparel is left or lands on our shores. Whether it be clothing, footwear, hats, or gloves, each item can tell a story to attentive beachcombers, and this chapter provides the crucial tips and interpretations. And don’t forget, most apparel these days is plastic, or let’s be friendly and say made of synthetic fibers, to fulfill the functional demands of discerning, modern consumers. This makes it durable marine debris and, ultimately, microplastic.

Keywords

Bikini Clothes Flip-flops Gloves Hard hats Hat Microplastic fibers Shoes Underwear 

References

  1. 1.
    Dockterman E (2012) EcoChic: How U.S. clothing brands are getting greener. Time. 20 August 2012Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) https://apparelcoalition.org/
  3. 3.
    Mediterranean Association to Save the Sea Turtles (Medasset) http://fromwastetowear.medasset.org/en/socks/
  4. 4.
    Dris R, Gasperi J et al (2016) Synthetic fibers in atmospheric fallout: a source of microplastics in the environment? Mar Pollut Bull 104(1–2):290–293  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.01.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ebbesmeyer CC, Ingraham WJ Jr (1992) Shoe spoil in the North Pacific. Earth Space Sci News (EOS) 73(34):361–365Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ocean sole: flip the flop http://oceansole.co.ke/
  7. 7.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Stachowitsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Limnology and Bio-OceanographyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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