Molecular Phylogeny of Elasmobranchs

  • A. Pavan-Kumar
  • P. Gireesh-Babu
  • A. K. Jaiswar
  • S. G. Raje
  • A. Chaudhari
  • G. Krishna


Elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates) are considered as one of the most ancient and successful vertebrate lineages. According to fossil evidence, elasmobranchs were present from the lower Devonian period and diversified during the “Age of Fishes” to become widely distributed and represented by diverse morphological and ecological forms. The elasmobranch lineage has survived four mass extinction events, and the most extant taxa are derivable from Mesozoic forms. Despite a highly successful evolutionary trajectory, elasmobranch species have not been characterized completely, and still ambiguity persists for some of the species identification. Phylogenetic studies with molecular data would resolve taxonomic ambiguity and provide insights in the evolutionary relationship among elasmobranchs. This chapter summarizes the complete phylogeny work carried on elasmobranchs and highlights the significance of phylogeny for formulating conservation measures.


Mitochondrial markers Nuclear markers Taxonomy Conservation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pavan-Kumar
    • 1
  • P. Gireesh-Babu
    • 1
  • A. K. Jaiswar
    • 2
  • S. G. Raje
    • 3
  • A. Chaudhari
    • 1
  • G. Krishna
    • 1
  1. 1.Fish Genetics and Biotechnology DivisionICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Fisheries Resources and Post Harvest DivisionICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Regional CentreMumbaiIndia

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