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DNA Barcoding of Mosquito Species

  • Lalita Gupta
  • Sanjeev Kumar
  • Kuldeep Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

Insects are the very diverse group of animals that exist on earth since its origin. Their genomic diversity as well as existence also imparts into the species variability, which also stays alive with their future counterparts. Among insects, there are about 3500 species of mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) which have been described worldwide. In this chapter, we deal with DNA barcoding, the use of short, standardized genomic segments as markers for species identification. DNA barcoding is a novel concept for taxonomic categorization of various insects species and has been applied to study a large number of eukaryotes. At present, 10% of insects species have been DNA barcoded. In insects, interspecific variation in DNA sequences of some genes is much higher than intraspecific variability. This provides an opportunity to use DNA sequences for species identification through a fragment of the nuclear or mitochondrial gene which has been selected as the standard barcoding region. Mitochondrial molecular markers always have been a good choice over the nuclear molecular marker by having the less number of evolutionary changes in their subcompartment genome. DNA barcoding is a recent and widely used molecular-based identification system that aims to identify biological specimens and assigning them to a given species. It can be considered the core of an integrated taxonomic system, where bioinformatics and phylogenetics play a key role. DNA barcoding can be used to discover cryptic, closely related and morphologically similar species that were overlooked earlier by the traditional morphology-based approaches.

Keywords

Cytochrome oxidase I (COI) Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) DNA amplification Genetic diversity Species diversity Insect biodiversity 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lalita Gupta
    • 1
  • Sanjeev Kumar
    • 2
  • Kuldeep Gupta
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyChaudhary Bansi Lal UniversityBhiwaniIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyChaudhary Bansi Lal UniversityBhiwaniIndia
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA

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