• Nichole Torpey-Saboe


The findings of this book have broad implications for understanding the roots of inequality and its relationship with other political and economic factors. Modernization does not always lead to a decline in inequality as modernization theorists would predict. Globalization can reduce disparities in some contexts and widen them in others. Democracy is not a silver bullet that will automatically ensure better outcomes for the poor and marginalized. Instead, elites can find ways to use any system of governance to perpetuate social and economic hierarchies.


  1. Barro, R. J., & Lee, J. W. (2013). A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010. Journal of development economics, 104, 184–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorado Department of Higher EducationDenverUSA

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