An Example: The Case of Mexico

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe


This chapter examines the case of Mexico, using historical data as well as original survey data. Broader political participation was a critical factor in expanding access to education in Mexico—but this was at play during the 1920s and 1930s, long before democratization. Modernization also played a role in decreasing education inequality, economic growth, and increasing returns to education, with an increase in physical access to schools playing a smaller role. Finally, globalization seems to have decreased education inequality in Mexico. Opening up to trade led Mexico to increase production of labor-intensive manufactures. This shift to labor-intensive production was accompanied by an increase in the skill premium, and Mexicans strove to increase their educational attainment in order to compete for better-paying jobs in export sectors.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nichole Torpey-Saboe
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorado Department of Higher EducationDenverUSA

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