From the Age of the Great Transoceanic Discoveries to the New Measurements of the Earth
The last decades of the fifteenth century and a great part of the sixteenth represent the age of the great transoceanic navigations and of the consequent new geographic knowledge. From the discovery of America (Columbus) to the great circumnavigation of the world (Magellan), the great enterprises of the navigators confirmed the sphericity of the Earth, while the measurements of the meridian carried out on the ground updated the measure of its size. We shall deal with the obtained results by considering the works of the authors who both suggested and affected, and narrated the fundamental enterprises.
- Burckhardt, J. (1860). The civilization of the renaissance in Italy (1st German edn). 1860, various reprints of the English translation.Google Scholar
- Cliff, N. (2011). Holy war: How vasco da gama’s epic voyages turned the tide in a centuries-old clash of civilizations. Harper Collins.Google Scholar
- Columbus, C. (1992). The four voyages (J. M. Cohen, Trans.). Penguins Classics, rpt.Google Scholar
- Garin, E. (1969). Science and civil life in the Italian renaissance (1st edn). Anchor Books.Google Scholar
- Garin, E. (1983). Astrology in the renaissance: The zodiac of life. Viking Press.Google Scholar
- Wootton, D. (2016). The invention of science: A new history of the scientific revolution. Harper Collins.Google Scholar