The Value of Ecotourism and Ecosystem Services in Espiritu Santo Island National Park, Mexico

  • Claudia Lorena Lauterio-Martínez
  • Víctor Ángel Hernández-Trejo
  • Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
  • Elizabeth Olmos-Martínez
  • Reyna María Ibáñez-Pérez
  • Mariana Bobadilla-JiménezEmail author


The concern for the health of marine protected areas (MPAs) has become evident since they are complex and highly related structures where interactions take place to different scales of space and time. From an economic perspective, their functions are to provide goods and services that improve human well-being and the economic condition. Normally the goods and services in MPA are not traded in the market and are subjected to externalities that affect ecosystems. Espiritu Santo Island National Park is located in the Gulf of California and is important for being a refuge, zone core, and protection of several attractive marine species for tourist development. The aim of this paper was to characterize the uses and expenses of tourists in the MPA and recognize the preferences of individuals using the travel cost method (TCM). Results indicate that a correlation between income, ecosystem quality, and frequency of visits indicates that marginal effects are statistically significant in ESI and is possible to increase the access fee quota without affecting the demand for visiting the MPA, increasing the financial income to support greater conservation efforts.


Ecosystem services Value Tourism MPA Coastal ecosystems 



This chapter was part of the Project SEP CONACYT Basic Science, namely, Identificación y Valoración de los Servicios Escosistémicos de Áreas Marinas Protegidas en el Golfo de California: Una propuesta de cuotas de acceso para fortalecer esquemas de conservación.

The study was part of the activities developed with the economic support of the Red Temática de Investigación of CONACyT Project 293368 and the CONACYT Basic Science Project 251919.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Lorena Lauterio-Martínez
    • 1
  • Víctor Ángel Hernández-Trejo
    • 1
  • Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Olmos-Martínez
    • 3
  • Reyna María Ibáñez-Pérez
    • 1
  • Mariana Bobadilla-Jiménez
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de EconomíaUniversidad Autónoma de Baja California SurLa PazMéxico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del NoroesteLa PazMéxico
  3. 3.Departamento Académico de Ciencias Económico AdministrativasUniversidad Autónoma de OccidenteMazatlán SinaloaMéxico
  4. 4.Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos NaturalesLa PazMéxico

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