Spiritual Intelligence and Social Entrepreneurial Intentions Among Students: The Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Passion

  • Morteza Hendijani Fard
  • Nader Seyyed AmiriEmail author
  • Mostafa Oboudi
  • Saeid Ramezani
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


It is well known that social entrepreneurs have distinct beliefs, purposes, and perspectives. They have conviction in their own particular beliefs and in how those beliefs are formed. However, little research has been done to date that clarifies the exceptional beliefs of social entrepreneurs. Spirituality gives people a transcendental perspective. Furthermore, spiritual intelligence brings about a deeper understanding of life, heightened values, a strong sense of purpose and a high level of motivation. Despite the importance of a person’s orientation in terms of beliefs, little research has been done to evaluate the role of spiritual intelligence as a driving force for social entrepreneurship. Therefore, the present research is done to evaluate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and social entrepreneurial intention according to the mediating role of entrepreneurial passion. For this purpose, the descriptive-correlation method is used and 384 questionnaires are distributed among local undergraduate students of management and industrial engineering at universities in the city of Mashhad in Iran. Structural equation modeling with partial least squares is applied for data analysis. Results show that spiritual intelligence is a predictor of social entrepreneurial intention through the mediating role of entrepreneurial passion. However, of the two types of entrepreneurial passion tested in this research, the passion for founding is determined as a stronger mediator for this relationship compared to the passion for inventing. Results also show that spiritual intelligence had a direct effect on social entrepreneurial intention. In addition to this, results confirm effects of both types of entrepreneurial passion on social entrepreneurial intention. However, the passion for founding has a much stronger effect on social entrepreneurial intention than does the passion for inventing. Finally, practical implications and future research are discussed.


Spiritual intelligence Entrepreneurial passion Passion for inventing Passion for founding Social entrepreneurial intention Social entrepreneurship 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morteza Hendijani Fard
    • 1
  • Nader Seyyed Amiri
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mostafa Oboudi
    • 3
  • Saeid Ramezani
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Department of Business CreationUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Department of Corporate EntrepreneurshipUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Department of Techno EntrepreneurshipUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  4. 4.Faculty of Management, Department of Business ManagementUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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