• L. Kevin Chapman
  • Alphonso Nichols


Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent types of psychiatric disorders in the USA, affecting both children and adults at staggering rates. Moreover, roughly 25% of adolescents will be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder in his or her lifetime, suggesting that primary care physicians are more than likely to encounter these individuals on a frequent basis. Along these lines, it is imperative that primary care physicians recognize the symptomology endemic to anxiety and related disorders in children and adolescents. This chapter highlights the importance of recognizing the signs and symptoms of anxiety and related disorders in children and adolescents, differential diagnoses in children and adolescents, pharmacologic and behavioral interventions for managing anxiety and related symptoms, key measures available in assessing anxiety and related symptoms, and when to refer to other mental health providers.


Anxiety disorders Separation anxiety Social anxiety Generalized anxiety Primary care Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT SSRIs SNRIs Benzodiazepines 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Kevin Chapman
    • 1
  • Alphonso Nichols
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent PracticeLouisvilleUSA

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