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Acute Kidney Injury in Children: Definition and Epidemiology

  • Scott M. Sutherland
  • Stuart L. Goldstein
Chapter

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the contemporary term used to describe an abrupt decline in kidney function characterized by reduced excretion of waste products, deranged electrolytes, and disrupted fluid homeostasis. The last two decades have seen tremendous advances in our ability to identify and diagnose AKI events. This culminated in the development of the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) AKI criteria, a consensus definition which harmonized preceding approaches and is equally applicable to adults and children. From this, we have seen transformative epidemiologic advances which we hope will pave the way for innovative approaches to care and treatment.

Keywords

Acute kidney injury AKI definition AKI epidemiology Children 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of NephrologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Center for Acute Care NephrologyCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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