Echocardiography in Patients with Syncope

  • Karthik Seetharam
  • Brandon W. CalendaEmail author
  • Farooq A. Chaudhry


Syncope is defined as a temporary, abrupt loss of consciousness with spontaneous return to baseline. This chapter offers a framework for a focused approach to syncope. A detailed history and physical examination establishes the pretest probability that the syncope is of cardiac origin. Although echocardiography is not indicated for many cases of syncope, it can be a valuable tool to risk stratify syncope when it is suspected to be of cardiac origin. Transthoracic echo (TTE) is an efficient means of rapidly identifying structural heart disease, which suggests a higher probability of cardiogenic syncope and places the patient in a higher risk category than a patient with a structurally normal heart.


Syncope Arrhythmia Cardiomyopathy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karthik Seetharam
    • 1
  • Brandon W. Calenda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Farooq A. Chaudhry
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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