Advertisement

The Civil Service System in Bhutan

  • Dhurba Rizal
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents an overview of the often-idealized country of Bhutan, the evolution of its civil service system and the role and functions of the Royal Service Commission today. It outlines the bureaucratic culture and challenges the civil service faces as the country’s traditional society and political system undergo change. A key argument is that the main reasons for the weakness of the civil service have not been properly articulated and diagnosed. Barring this, the government’s initiatives to strengthen the civil service as an apolitical body capable of initiating robust policies, regulations, and efficient systems will fail.

Keywords

Bhutan’s Civil Service Royal Bhutan’s Civil Service Commission Administrative culture, etc. 

References

  1. Aberbach, J. D., & Rockman, B. A. (2006). The Past and Future of Political-Administrative Relations: Research from Bureaucrats and Politicians to in the Web of Politics and Beyond. International Journal of Public Administration, 29(12), 977–995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhutan National Statistics Bureau. (2010). Statistical Yearbook (28th ed.). Thimphu: National Statistics Bureau.Google Scholar
  3. Bhutan National Statistics Bureau. (2011). Statistical Yearbook (29th ed.). Thimphu: National Statistics Bureau.Google Scholar
  4. Blau, M. P. (1972). The Dynamics of Bureaucracy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bogle, G., Hamilton, A., & Lamb, A. (2002). Bhutan and Tibet: The Travels of George Bogle and Alexander Hamilton, 1774–1777. Hertingfordbury: Roxford Books.Google Scholar
  6. Churchill, W. (1973). Great Contemporaries. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  7. Dahl, R. A. (1947). The Science of Public Administration: Three Problems. Public Administration Review, 7(1), 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Downs, A. (1967). Inside Bureaucracy. Boston: Little Brown.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fajemirokun, H. (1974). Role of Civil Servants: A Reply. Quarterly Journal of Administration, 8, 143–145.Google Scholar
  10. Greenberg, M. H. (1970). Bureaucracy and Development: A Mexican Case Study. Lexington, MA: Health Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  11. Henderson, K. M. (2004). Characterizing American Public Administration: The Concept of Administrative Culture. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 17, 234–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Penjor, S. (2016, May 25). Favouritism Tops Corruption List in Civil Services. BBS News, Thimphu (Online). Available from: http://www.bbs.bt/news/?p=59423. Accessed 16 Sept 2016.
  13. Ray, D., & Sunanda, K. (1984, April 28). Flight of Dragon II: Challenge of Settlement with China. The Statesman, Delhi, p. 6.Google Scholar
  14. Rennie, D. F. (1970). Bhotan and the Story of the Doar War. New Delhi: Manjusri Publishing House.Google Scholar
  15. Riggs, F. W. (1963). Bureaucrats and Political Development: A Paradoxical View. In J. La Palombara (Ed.), Bureaucracy and Political Development (p. 127). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Riggs, F. W. (1975). The Ecology of Public Administration. New Delhi: Asia Publishing House.Google Scholar
  17. Rinzin, D. (1989). A Brief Religious, Cultural and Secular History of Bhutan. New York: The Asia Society Galleries.Google Scholar
  18. Rizal, D. (2002). Administrative System in Bhutan: Retrospect and Prospect. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.Google Scholar
  19. Rizal, D. (2004). The Unknown Refugee Crisis: Expulsion of the Ethnic Lhotsampa from Bhutan. Journal of Asian Ethnicity, 15(2), 11–177.Google Scholar
  20. Rizal, D. (2015). The Royal Semi-authoritarian Democracy of Bhutan. Lanham, Boulder, New York, and London: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  21. Rose, E. L. (1977). The Politics of Bhutan. New York: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Royal Civil Service Commission. (2012). Bhutan Civil Service 2012 Rules. Thimphu: RCSC. Available at: http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/CSSfinalprint2016.pdf and http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2014/government_rules/CS_ACT2010.pdf. Accessed 12 Mar 2017.
  23. Royal Civil Service Commission. (2015). Civil Service Statistics. Thimphu: RCSC. Available at: http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Civil_Service_Statistics_2015.pdf. Accessed 29 Mar 2017.
  24. Royal Civil Service Commission. (2016). Civil Service Statistics. Thimphu: RCSC. Available at: http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/CSSfinalprint2016.pdf. Accessed 15 Mar 2017.
  25. Royal Civil Service Commission, Annual Report. (2014–2015). 1st Edition: Civil Service Rules 1990 (Black Book); 2nd Edition: Bhutan Civil Service Rules 1998; 3rd Edition: Bhutan Civil Service Rules and Regulations 2002; 4th Edition: Bhutan Civil Service Rules and Regulations 2006; 5th Edition: Bhutan Civil Service Rules and Regulations 2010, and 6th Edition: Bhutan Civil Service Rules and Regulations 2012. Thimphu: RCSC (Online). Available at: http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/en/, http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/wp/, http://bcse.rcsc.gov.bt/, and http://www.rcsc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Civil_Service_Statistics_2015.pdf. Accessed 12 Mar 2017.
  26. Royal Government of Bhutan. (2008). The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Thimphu: RGOB. Available at: http://www.constitution.bt/TsaThrim%20Eng%20(A5).pdf. Accessed 2 June 2017.
  27. The Kuensel. (1966, August 10). National Assembly Debates (p. 17). Thimphu: The Kuensel.Google Scholar
  28. Ugyel, L. (2017). The Changing Role of the Bhutanese Civil Service Within the Bhutanese State. Druk Journal. Thimphu: Bhutan (Online). Available at: http://drukjournal.bt/the-changing-role-of-the-bhutanese-civil-service-within-the-bhutanese-state/. Accessed 18 Mar 2017.
  29. Warrington, E. (1997). The New Public Administration: Management Innovations in Government. Journal of Public Administration and Development, 17(1), 3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhurba Rizal
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Department of Public AdministrationTribhuvan UniversityKirtipurNepal

Personalised recommendations