Reforms in the Administrative System of Nepal

  • Bharat Gautam


The constitution of Nepal, which was adopted in 2015, mentions three levels of governance: federal, provincial, and local. General elections for all the three levels were held in 2017. The unitary administrative system of the country, which has existed since Nepal’s unification in 1768, is on the path to being transformed into three federally based levels of governance. This chapter outlines the unitary administrative system and the constitutionally mandated federal model. It then discusses the New Public Management (NPM) and post-NPM reforms that have been initiated in recent years to streamline the administrative apparatus and ensure better quality services. It is asserted that regardless of whether the country ends up keeping a unitary system or implements federalism, the task of making the administrative system performance-oriented and achieving effectiveness in service delivery will still remain the major issues of reform in Nepal.


Administrative reform Federalism New public management Nepal 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bharat Gautam
    • 1
  1. 1.Legislature-Parliament SecretariatKathmanduNepal

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