Introduction: Understanding Civil Service in South Asia
This chapter gives an overview of the nature and systems of public administration in South Asia. It begins by describing the civil service systems in the region, focusing on how they have developed historically, in some cases from colonial roots, their development through various reforms, and the composition of the civil service organizations. Descriptions are also given of the recruitment process, promotion and career development, and the training of civil servants. The chapter summarizes the reforms that have been proposed, attempted or carried out to streamline the civil service. The chapter also briefly describes local governance systems in South Asia. It concludes by introducing the chapters presented in this book.
KeywordsCivil service Recruitment Promotion Training Administrative reform Local government South Asia
- Ali, A. M. M. S. (2004). Bangladesh Civil Service: A Political-Administrative Perspective. Dhaka: The University Press Limited.Google Scholar
- Bajracharya, P., & Grace, C. (2014). The Nepal Civil Service and Re-structuring of the State. Kathmandu: Ministry of General Administration and UNDP.Google Scholar
- Bangladesh Country Profile. (2017). The Local Government System in Bangladesh, 2017. Retrieved from www.clgf.org.uk/Bangladesh. Accessed 10 Aug 2017.
- Finer, H. (1977). The Theory and Practice of Modern Government. India: Surjeet Publication.Google Scholar
- GoN. (2017). Nepal Gazette 2017. Kathmandu: Government of Nepal.Google Scholar
- Habid, S. (2013). Local Government in Afghanistan: How It Works and Main Challenge. Paper presented at 21st NISPACEE Annual Conference. www.nispa.org/files/conferences/2013/…/201304161044150.Paper_Habib.pdf?. Accessed 10 Aug 2017.
- India Country Profile. (2017). The Local Government System in India, 2017. www.clgf.org.uk/India. Accessed 10 Aug 2017.
- International Crisis Group. (2010, February 10). Reforming Pakistan’s Civil Service (Crisis Asia Group Report No. 185).Google Scholar
- Khurshid, A. (2006). Public Policy, Training and Civil Service Reform. The Pakistan Development Review, 45(4), 1227–1239.Google Scholar
- Liyanage, K., Ramesh, R., & Sivakumar, N. (2016, March 25–26). Public Administration in Sri Lanka: An Inquiry on Structure, Reforms and Management. Paper presented at Public Sector Human Resource Management in SAARC Countries, organized by NORHED Project and Central Department of Public Administration, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu.Google Scholar
- Maldives Country Profile. (2017). The Local Government System in the Maldives, 2017. www.clgf.org.uk/Maldives. Accessed 10 Aug 2017.
- Mishra, R. K. (1997). National Civil Service System in India: A Critical View. Paper presented in an International Workshop on Civil Service System in Comparative Perspective, University of Indiana, Bloomington.Google Scholar
- Pakistan Country Profile. (2017). The Local Government System in Pakistan, 2017. www.clgf.uk/Pakistan. Accessed 10 Aug 2017.
- Parashar, P. N. (2003). History and Problems of Civil Services in India. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons.Google Scholar
- Rabbi, M. F., & As-Saber, S. N. (2012). From Ideology to the Consolidation of Regimes: What Drives Civil Service Reforms in Bangladesh? Journal of Administration & Governance, 7(2), 19–35.Google Scholar
- Sills, D. L. (1972). International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (Vols. 1 and 2). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Sri Lanka Country Profile. (2017). The Local Government System in Sri Lanka. www.clgf.org.uk/SriLanka. Accessed 10 Aug 2017.
- The Economist. https://www.economist.com/news/asia/21740758-government-promises-fill-jobs-civil-service-merit-protests-bangladesh-put-end. Accessed 2 May 2018.