Congenital Scoliosis and Segmentation Defects of the Vertebrae in the Genetic Clinic

  • Peter D. TurnpennyEmail author


Segmentation defects of the vertebrae (SDV) often give rise to congenital scoliosis (CS), or early-onset scoliosis, but the radiological phenotypes seen in clinical practice are numerous and diverse and frequently present significant challenges, not only in surgical decision-making but also in reaching an underlying diagnosis and providing genetic risk counselling. Abnormalities of development may affect formation and/or segmentation, single or multiple vertebrae may be affected, and any spinal region, or combination of regions, may be involved. Anomalies of rib formation and alignment are commonly associated, and other organ systems may be involved as part of an underlying syndrome. In general, our understanding of the causation of this hugely diverse group of malformation conditions is poor, but progress has been made through studying relatively rare families demonstrating Mendelian inheritance, aided in recent years by the power of next-generation sequencing technologies.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Genetics DepartmentRoyal Devon & Exeter NHS Foundation TrustExeterUK
  2. 2.University of Exeter Medical SchoolExeterUK

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