Can E-learning (Computer-based Learning) Replace Teacher–Student Individual Communication?
My answer to the above question is negative. In order to establish my claim I am relying on a well-known work by Erlwanger (1973), which shows that without intensive interaction with a teacher the pupil can reach huge misconceptions about the topic under consideration.
- Erlwanger, S. H. (1973). Benny’s conceptions of rules and answers in individually prescribed instruction (IPI) mathematics. Journal of Children Mathematics Behavior (CMB), 1(2), 7–26.Google Scholar
- Rosnick, P., & Clement, J. (1980). Learning without understanding: The effect of tutoring strategies on Algebra Misconceptions. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 3(1), 3–27.Google Scholar
- Skemp, R. (1976). Relational understanding and instrumental understanding. Mathematics Teaching, 77, 20–26.Google Scholar
- Skemp, R. (1979). Goals for learning and quality of understanding. Mathematics Teaching, 88, 44–49.Google Scholar